Hadronic interactions and primary-cosmic-ray composition at energies around 10151016 eV derived from the analysis of high-energy gamma families

J. R. Ren, A. X. Huo, S. L. Lu, S. Su, C. R. Wang, N. J. Chang, P. Y. Cao, J. Y. Li, B. T. Zou, S. Z. Wang, G. Z. Bai, Z. H. Liu, G. J. Li, Q. X. Geng, R. D. He, W. D. Zhou, M. Amenomori, H. Nanjo, N. Hotta, I. OhtaK. Mizutani, K. Kasahara, T. Yuda, T. Shirai, N. Tateyama, Shoji Torii, M. Shibata, H. Sugimoto, K. Taira

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Abstract

Gross features of gamma families observed at Mt. Kanbala (5500 m above sea level) and Mt. Fuji (3750 m) are summarized in comparison with a Monte Carlo simulation based on a plausible assumption about hadronic interactions and primary composition. Our analysis shows that the assumption of approximate Feynman scaling in the fragmentation region and a heavy-enriched primary composition in the energy range over 1015 eV is wholly compatible with the experimental data. That is, there is no evidence of strong violation of Feynman scaling in the fragmentation region at least up to 1016 eV. As to the primary cosmic rays, our data infer a steepening of proton spectrum at energies around 1014 eV. The proton component in the primary cosmic rays is estimated to occupy 1520 % of the total flux at 1015 eV. Some other interesting implications on hadronic interactions are discussed with reference to the structures of gamma families.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1404-1416
Number of pages13
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

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primary cosmic rays
fragmentation
scaling
protons
sea level
interactions
energy
simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Hadronic interactions and primary-cosmic-ray composition at energies around 10151016 eV derived from the analysis of high-energy gamma families. / Ren, J. R.; Huo, A. X.; Lu, S. L.; Su, S.; Wang, C. R.; Chang, N. J.; Cao, P. Y.; Li, J. Y.; Zou, B. T.; Wang, S. Z.; Bai, G. Z.; Liu, Z. H.; Li, G. J.; Geng, Q. X.; He, R. D.; Zhou, W. D.; Amenomori, M.; Nanjo, H.; Hotta, N.; Ohta, I.; Mizutani, K.; Kasahara, K.; Yuda, T.; Shirai, T.; Tateyama, N.; Torii, Shoji; Shibata, M.; Sugimoto, H.; Taira, K.

In: Physical Review D, Vol. 38, No. 5, 1988, p. 1404-1416.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ren, JR, Huo, AX, Lu, SL, Su, S, Wang, CR, Chang, NJ, Cao, PY, Li, JY, Zou, BT, Wang, SZ, Bai, GZ, Liu, ZH, Li, GJ, Geng, QX, He, RD, Zhou, WD, Amenomori, M, Nanjo, H, Hotta, N, Ohta, I, Mizutani, K, Kasahara, K, Yuda, T, Shirai, T, Tateyama, N, Torii, S, Shibata, M, Sugimoto, H & Taira, K 1988, 'Hadronic interactions and primary-cosmic-ray composition at energies around 10151016 eV derived from the analysis of high-energy gamma families', Physical Review D, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 1404-1416. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.38.1404
Ren, J. R. ; Huo, A. X. ; Lu, S. L. ; Su, S. ; Wang, C. R. ; Chang, N. J. ; Cao, P. Y. ; Li, J. Y. ; Zou, B. T. ; Wang, S. Z. ; Bai, G. Z. ; Liu, Z. H. ; Li, G. J. ; Geng, Q. X. ; He, R. D. ; Zhou, W. D. ; Amenomori, M. ; Nanjo, H. ; Hotta, N. ; Ohta, I. ; Mizutani, K. ; Kasahara, K. ; Yuda, T. ; Shirai, T. ; Tateyama, N. ; Torii, Shoji ; Shibata, M. ; Sugimoto, H. ; Taira, K. / Hadronic interactions and primary-cosmic-ray composition at energies around 10151016 eV derived from the analysis of high-energy gamma families. In: Physical Review D. 1988 ; Vol. 38, No. 5. pp. 1404-1416.
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abstract = "Gross features of gamma families observed at Mt. Kanbala (5500 m above sea level) and Mt. Fuji (3750 m) are summarized in comparison with a Monte Carlo simulation based on a plausible assumption about hadronic interactions and primary composition. Our analysis shows that the assumption of approximate Feynman scaling in the fragmentation region and a heavy-enriched primary composition in the energy range over 1015 eV is wholly compatible with the experimental data. That is, there is no evidence of strong violation of Feynman scaling in the fragmentation region at least up to 1016 eV. As to the primary cosmic rays, our data infer a steepening of proton spectrum at energies around 1014 eV. The proton component in the primary cosmic rays is estimated to occupy 1520 {\%} of the total flux at 1015 eV. Some other interesting implications on hadronic interactions are discussed with reference to the structures of gamma families.",
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AU - Ren, J. R.

AU - Huo, A. X.

AU - Lu, S. L.

AU - Su, S.

AU - Wang, C. R.

AU - Chang, N. J.

AU - Cao, P. Y.

AU - Li, J. Y.

AU - Zou, B. T.

AU - Wang, S. Z.

AU - Bai, G. Z.

AU - Liu, Z. H.

AU - Li, G. J.

AU - Geng, Q. X.

AU - He, R. D.

AU - Zhou, W. D.

AU - Amenomori, M.

AU - Nanjo, H.

AU - Hotta, N.

AU - Ohta, I.

AU - Mizutani, K.

AU - Kasahara, K.

AU - Yuda, T.

AU - Shirai, T.

AU - Tateyama, N.

AU - Torii, Shoji

AU - Shibata, M.

AU - Sugimoto, H.

AU - Taira, K.

PY - 1988

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N2 - Gross features of gamma families observed at Mt. Kanbala (5500 m above sea level) and Mt. Fuji (3750 m) are summarized in comparison with a Monte Carlo simulation based on a plausible assumption about hadronic interactions and primary composition. Our analysis shows that the assumption of approximate Feynman scaling in the fragmentation region and a heavy-enriched primary composition in the energy range over 1015 eV is wholly compatible with the experimental data. That is, there is no evidence of strong violation of Feynman scaling in the fragmentation region at least up to 1016 eV. As to the primary cosmic rays, our data infer a steepening of proton spectrum at energies around 1014 eV. The proton component in the primary cosmic rays is estimated to occupy 1520 % of the total flux at 1015 eV. Some other interesting implications on hadronic interactions are discussed with reference to the structures of gamma families.

AB - Gross features of gamma families observed at Mt. Kanbala (5500 m above sea level) and Mt. Fuji (3750 m) are summarized in comparison with a Monte Carlo simulation based on a plausible assumption about hadronic interactions and primary composition. Our analysis shows that the assumption of approximate Feynman scaling in the fragmentation region and a heavy-enriched primary composition in the energy range over 1015 eV is wholly compatible with the experimental data. That is, there is no evidence of strong violation of Feynman scaling in the fragmentation region at least up to 1016 eV. As to the primary cosmic rays, our data infer a steepening of proton spectrum at energies around 1014 eV. The proton component in the primary cosmic rays is estimated to occupy 1520 % of the total flux at 1015 eV. Some other interesting implications on hadronic interactions are discussed with reference to the structures of gamma families.

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