Half moons are pinch points with dispersion

Han Yan, Rico Pohle, Nic Shannon

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

"Pinch points," singular features observed in (quasi-)elastic neutron scattering, are a widely discussed hallmark of spin liquids with an emergent gauge symmetry. Much less attention has been paid to "half-moons," distinctive crescent patterns at finite energy, which have been observed in experiments on a number of pyrochlore magnets, and in a wide range of model calculations. Here we unify these two phenomena within a single framework, paying particular attention to the case of ordered, or field-saturated states, where pinch points and half moons can be found in bands of excitations above a gap. We find that half moons are nothing other than pinch points inscribed on a dispersing band. Molecular dynamics simulations of the kagome-lattice antiferromagnet are used to explore how these bands evolve into the ground state and excitations of a classical spin liquid. We explicitly demonstrate that this theory can reproduce the pinch points and half moons observed in Nd2Zr2O7.

Original languageEnglish
Article number140402
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume98
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 12
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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