Hamstring functions during hip-extension exercise assessed with electromyography and magnetic resonance imaging

Takashi Ono, Ayako Higashihara, Toru Fukubayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the recruitment patterns in hamstring muscles during hip extension exercise by electromyography (EMG) and muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging (mfMRI). Six male volunteers performed 5 sets of 10 repetitions of the hip extension exercise. Electromyography (EMG) activity during the exercise was recorded for the biceps femoris long head (BFlh), semitendinosus (ST), and semimembranosus (SM) muscles; mfMRI T2 values and cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of the same muscles were measured at rest, immediately after, 2 and 7 days after the exercise. The study found that EMG of the BFlh and SM were significantly higher than that of the ST. Immediately after the exercise, the T2 value and CSA changes in the SM showed a significant increase. It was concluded that the BFlh and SM were selectively recruited during the hip extension exercise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-52
Number of pages11
JournalResearch in Sports Medicine
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jan

Fingerprint

Electromyography
Hip
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Exercise
Muscles
Hamstring Muscles
Volunteers

Keywords

  • eccentric contraction
  • muscle strain
  • pennate muscles
  • recruitment pattern

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Hamstring functions during hip-extension exercise assessed with electromyography and magnetic resonance imaging. / Ono, Takashi; Higashihara, Ayako; Fukubayashi, Toru.

In: Research in Sports Medicine, Vol. 19, No. 1, 01.2011, p. 42-52.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ono, Takashi ; Higashihara, Ayako ; Fukubayashi, Toru. / Hamstring functions during hip-extension exercise assessed with electromyography and magnetic resonance imaging. In: Research in Sports Medicine. 2011 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 42-52.
@article{9f700dcb70974bf1892073e486152c7b,
title = "Hamstring functions during hip-extension exercise assessed with electromyography and magnetic resonance imaging",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to compare the recruitment patterns in hamstring muscles during hip extension exercise by electromyography (EMG) and muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging (mfMRI). Six male volunteers performed 5 sets of 10 repetitions of the hip extension exercise. Electromyography (EMG) activity during the exercise was recorded for the biceps femoris long head (BFlh), semitendinosus (ST), and semimembranosus (SM) muscles; mfMRI T2 values and cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of the same muscles were measured at rest, immediately after, 2 and 7 days after the exercise. The study found that EMG of the BFlh and SM were significantly higher than that of the ST. Immediately after the exercise, the T2 value and CSA changes in the SM showed a significant increase. It was concluded that the BFlh and SM were selectively recruited during the hip extension exercise.",
keywords = "eccentric contraction, muscle strain, pennate muscles, recruitment pattern",
author = "Takashi Ono and Ayako Higashihara and Toru Fukubayashi",
year = "2011",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1080/15438627.2011.535769",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "42--52",
journal = "Research in Sports Medicine",
issn = "1543-8627",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hamstring functions during hip-extension exercise assessed with electromyography and magnetic resonance imaging

AU - Ono, Takashi

AU - Higashihara, Ayako

AU - Fukubayashi, Toru

PY - 2011/1

Y1 - 2011/1

N2 - The purpose of this study was to compare the recruitment patterns in hamstring muscles during hip extension exercise by electromyography (EMG) and muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging (mfMRI). Six male volunteers performed 5 sets of 10 repetitions of the hip extension exercise. Electromyography (EMG) activity during the exercise was recorded for the biceps femoris long head (BFlh), semitendinosus (ST), and semimembranosus (SM) muscles; mfMRI T2 values and cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of the same muscles were measured at rest, immediately after, 2 and 7 days after the exercise. The study found that EMG of the BFlh and SM were significantly higher than that of the ST. Immediately after the exercise, the T2 value and CSA changes in the SM showed a significant increase. It was concluded that the BFlh and SM were selectively recruited during the hip extension exercise.

AB - The purpose of this study was to compare the recruitment patterns in hamstring muscles during hip extension exercise by electromyography (EMG) and muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging (mfMRI). Six male volunteers performed 5 sets of 10 repetitions of the hip extension exercise. Electromyography (EMG) activity during the exercise was recorded for the biceps femoris long head (BFlh), semitendinosus (ST), and semimembranosus (SM) muscles; mfMRI T2 values and cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of the same muscles were measured at rest, immediately after, 2 and 7 days after the exercise. The study found that EMG of the BFlh and SM were significantly higher than that of the ST. Immediately after the exercise, the T2 value and CSA changes in the SM showed a significant increase. It was concluded that the BFlh and SM were selectively recruited during the hip extension exercise.

KW - eccentric contraction

KW - muscle strain

KW - pennate muscles

KW - recruitment pattern

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79251474949&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79251474949&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15438627.2011.535769

DO - 10.1080/15438627.2011.535769

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 42

EP - 52

JO - Research in Sports Medicine

JF - Research in Sports Medicine

SN - 1543-8627

IS - 1

ER -