Hands and knowledge: Gesture as an epistemic engine in reminiscence therapy

Hiromichi Hosoma

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conversation analyses have revealed that information imbalances between speakers and hearers are represented in their speech and drive the epistemic engine to equalize the imbalances. Considering multi-modal communication, however, information can also be conveyed by body movements and reveal the unspoken imbalances in detail. Group reminiscence therapy is used to treat elderly people who are developing dementia, but it is a conversation process in which the epistemic engine involves cultural differences among the participants. In the present study, detailed analyses of conversation during therapy showed that speakers can use gestures to show their epistemic status and the information imbalance between the participants; hearers can imitate the speaker's gestures to show their understanding in the conversational sequence; unspoken epistemic differences can be revealed by the difference between the gestures of the speaker and hearer; and other participants can observe the difference visually and update a gesture to point out the unspoken difference. I discuss the multi-modal structure of an epistemic engine in reminiscence therapy and its implications for the care given to dementia patients.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNew Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence - JSAI-isAI 2012 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, MiMI, Revised Selected Papers
Pages233-241
Number of pages9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Sep 3
Externally publishedYes
Event4th JSAI International Symposia on Artificial Intelligence, JSAI-isAI 2012 - Miyazaki, Japan
Duration: 2012 Nov 302012 Dec 1

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume7856 LNAI
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference4th JSAI International Symposia on Artificial Intelligence, JSAI-isAI 2012
CountryJapan
CityMiyazaki
Period12/11/3012/12/1

Fingerprint

Gesture
Therapy
Engine
Engines
Dementia
Cultural Differences
Elderly People
Update
Communication
Knowledge

Keywords

  • body movement
  • dementia
  • gesture
  • the elederly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Theoretical Computer Science

Cite this

Hosoma, H. (2013). Hands and knowledge: Gesture as an epistemic engine in reminiscence therapy. In New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence - JSAI-isAI 2012 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, MiMI, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 233-241). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 7856 LNAI). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39931-2_17

Hands and knowledge : Gesture as an epistemic engine in reminiscence therapy. / Hosoma, Hiromichi.

New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence - JSAI-isAI 2012 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, MiMI, Revised Selected Papers. 2013. p. 233-241 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 7856 LNAI).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Hosoma, H 2013, Hands and knowledge: Gesture as an epistemic engine in reminiscence therapy. in New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence - JSAI-isAI 2012 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, MiMI, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), vol. 7856 LNAI, pp. 233-241, 4th JSAI International Symposia on Artificial Intelligence, JSAI-isAI 2012, Miyazaki, Japan, 12/11/30. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39931-2_17
Hosoma H. Hands and knowledge: Gesture as an epistemic engine in reminiscence therapy. In New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence - JSAI-isAI 2012 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, MiMI, Revised Selected Papers. 2013. p. 233-241. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39931-2_17
Hosoma, Hiromichi. / Hands and knowledge : Gesture as an epistemic engine in reminiscence therapy. New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence - JSAI-isAI 2012 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, MiMI, Revised Selected Papers. 2013. pp. 233-241 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)).
@inproceedings{5c41d89ab7b44809821728c0430ec540,
title = "Hands and knowledge: Gesture as an epistemic engine in reminiscence therapy",
abstract = "Conversation analyses have revealed that information imbalances between speakers and hearers are represented in their speech and drive the epistemic engine to equalize the imbalances. Considering multi-modal communication, however, information can also be conveyed by body movements and reveal the unspoken imbalances in detail. Group reminiscence therapy is used to treat elderly people who are developing dementia, but it is a conversation process in which the epistemic engine involves cultural differences among the participants. In the present study, detailed analyses of conversation during therapy showed that speakers can use gestures to show their epistemic status and the information imbalance between the participants; hearers can imitate the speaker's gestures to show their understanding in the conversational sequence; unspoken epistemic differences can be revealed by the difference between the gestures of the speaker and hearer; and other participants can observe the difference visually and update a gesture to point out the unspoken difference. I discuss the multi-modal structure of an epistemic engine in reminiscence therapy and its implications for the care given to dementia patients.",
keywords = "body movement, dementia, gesture, the elederly",
author = "Hiromichi Hosoma",
year = "2013",
month = "9",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-642-39931-2_17",
language = "English",
isbn = "9783642399305",
series = "Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)",
pages = "233--241",
booktitle = "New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence - JSAI-isAI 2012 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, MiMI, Revised Selected Papers",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Hands and knowledge

T2 - Gesture as an epistemic engine in reminiscence therapy

AU - Hosoma, Hiromichi

PY - 2013/9/3

Y1 - 2013/9/3

N2 - Conversation analyses have revealed that information imbalances between speakers and hearers are represented in their speech and drive the epistemic engine to equalize the imbalances. Considering multi-modal communication, however, information can also be conveyed by body movements and reveal the unspoken imbalances in detail. Group reminiscence therapy is used to treat elderly people who are developing dementia, but it is a conversation process in which the epistemic engine involves cultural differences among the participants. In the present study, detailed analyses of conversation during therapy showed that speakers can use gestures to show their epistemic status and the information imbalance between the participants; hearers can imitate the speaker's gestures to show their understanding in the conversational sequence; unspoken epistemic differences can be revealed by the difference between the gestures of the speaker and hearer; and other participants can observe the difference visually and update a gesture to point out the unspoken difference. I discuss the multi-modal structure of an epistemic engine in reminiscence therapy and its implications for the care given to dementia patients.

AB - Conversation analyses have revealed that information imbalances between speakers and hearers are represented in their speech and drive the epistemic engine to equalize the imbalances. Considering multi-modal communication, however, information can also be conveyed by body movements and reveal the unspoken imbalances in detail. Group reminiscence therapy is used to treat elderly people who are developing dementia, but it is a conversation process in which the epistemic engine involves cultural differences among the participants. In the present study, detailed analyses of conversation during therapy showed that speakers can use gestures to show their epistemic status and the information imbalance between the participants; hearers can imitate the speaker's gestures to show their understanding in the conversational sequence; unspoken epistemic differences can be revealed by the difference between the gestures of the speaker and hearer; and other participants can observe the difference visually and update a gesture to point out the unspoken difference. I discuss the multi-modal structure of an epistemic engine in reminiscence therapy and its implications for the care given to dementia patients.

KW - body movement

KW - dementia

KW - gesture

KW - the elederly

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84883193108&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84883193108&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-642-39931-2_17

DO - 10.1007/978-3-642-39931-2_17

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84883193108

SN - 9783642399305

T3 - Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)

SP - 233

EP - 241

BT - New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence - JSAI-isAI 2012 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, MiMI, Revised Selected Papers

ER -