Hard X-ray Detector (HXD) on board Suzaku

Tadayuki Takahashi, Keiichi Abe, Manabu Endo, Yasuhiko Endo, Yuuichiro Ezoe, Yasushi Fukazawa, Masahito Hamaya, Shinya Hirakurl, Soojing Hong, Michihiro Horii, Hokuto Inoue, Naoki Isobe, Takeshi Itoh, Naoko Iyomoto, Tuneyoshi Kamae, Daisuke Kasama, Jun Kataoka, Hiroshi Kato, Madoka Kawaharada, Naomi Kawano & 49 others Kengo Kawashima, Satoshi Kawasoe, Tetsuichi Klshishita, Takao Kltaguchi, Yoshihito Kobayashi, Motohide Kokubun, Jun'ichi Kotoku, Manabu Kouda, Aya Kubota, Yoshikatsu Kuroda, Greg Madejski, Kazuo Makishima, Kazunori Masukawa, Yukari Matsumoto, Takefumi Mitani, Ryohei Miyawaki, Tsunefumi Mizuno, Kunishiro Mori, Masanori Mori, Mio Murashima, Toshio Murakami, Kazuhiro Nakazawa, Hisako Niko, Masaharu Nomachi, Yuu Okada, Masanori Ohno, Kousuke Oonuki, Naomi Ota, Hideki Ozawa, Goro Sato, Shingo Shinoda, Masahiko Sugiho, Masaya Suzuki, Koji Taguchi, Hiromitsu Takahashi, Isao Takahashi, Shin'ichiro Takeda, Ken Ichi Tamura, Takayuki Tamura, Takaaki Tanaka, Chiharu Tanihata, Makoto Tashiro, Yukikatsu Terada, Shin'ya Tominaga, Yasunobu Uchiyama, Shin Watanabe, Kazutaka Yamaoka, Takayuki Yanagida, Daisuke Yonetoku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

508 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Hard X-ray Detector (HXD) on board Suzaku covers a wide energy range from 10keV to 600 keV by the combination of silicon PIN diodes and GSO scintillators. The HXD is designed to achieve an extremely low in-orbit background based on a combination of new techniques, including the concept of a well-type active shield counter. With an effective area of 142cm2 at 20keV and 273cm2 at 150keV, the background level at sea level reached ∼ 1 × 10-5 cts s-1 cm-2keV -1 at 30 keV for the PIN diodes, and ∼ 2 × 10-5 cts s-1 cm-2keV-1 at 100keV, and ∼ 7 × 10-6 cts s-1 cm-2keV-1 at 200keV for the phoswich counter. Tight active shielding of the HXD results in a large array of guard counters surrounding the main detector parts. These anti-coincidence counters, made of ∼ 4cm thick BGO crystals, have a large effective area for sub-MeV to MeV x-rays. They work as an excellent y-ray burst monitor with limited angular resolution (∼ 5°). The on-board signal-processing system and the data transmitted to the ground are also described.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Volume59
Issue number1 SPEC. ISS.
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

counters
detectors
x rays
diodes
signal processing
background level
angular resolution
sea level
scintillation counters
silicon
shielding
monitors
shield
bursts
rays
crystal
orbits
detector
crystals
energy

Keywords

  • Instrumentation: detectors
  • X-rays: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Takahashi, T., Abe, K., Endo, M., Endo, Y., Ezoe, Y., Fukazawa, Y., ... Yonetoku, D. (2007). Hard X-ray Detector (HXD) on board Suzaku. Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, 59(1 SPEC. ISS.).

Hard X-ray Detector (HXD) on board Suzaku. / Takahashi, Tadayuki; Abe, Keiichi; Endo, Manabu; Endo, Yasuhiko; Ezoe, Yuuichiro; Fukazawa, Yasushi; Hamaya, Masahito; Hirakurl, Shinya; Hong, Soojing; Horii, Michihiro; Inoue, Hokuto; Isobe, Naoki; Itoh, Takeshi; Iyomoto, Naoko; Kamae, Tuneyoshi; Kasama, Daisuke; Kataoka, Jun; Kato, Hiroshi; Kawaharada, Madoka; Kawano, Naomi; Kawashima, Kengo; Kawasoe, Satoshi; Klshishita, Tetsuichi; Kltaguchi, Takao; Kobayashi, Yoshihito; Kokubun, Motohide; Kotoku, Jun'ichi; Kouda, Manabu; Kubota, Aya; Kuroda, Yoshikatsu; Madejski, Greg; Makishima, Kazuo; Masukawa, Kazunori; Matsumoto, Yukari; Mitani, Takefumi; Miyawaki, Ryohei; Mizuno, Tsunefumi; Mori, Kunishiro; Mori, Masanori; Murashima, Mio; Murakami, Toshio; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro; Niko, Hisako; Nomachi, Masaharu; Okada, Yuu; Ohno, Masanori; Oonuki, Kousuke; Ota, Naomi; Ozawa, Hideki; Sato, Goro; Shinoda, Shingo; Sugiho, Masahiko; Suzuki, Masaya; Taguchi, Koji; Takahashi, Hiromitsu; Takahashi, Isao; Takeda, Shin'ichiro; Tamura, Ken Ichi; Tamura, Takayuki; Tanaka, Takaaki; Tanihata, Chiharu; Tashiro, Makoto; Terada, Yukikatsu; Tominaga, Shin'ya; Uchiyama, Yasunobu; Watanabe, Shin; Yamaoka, Kazutaka; Yanagida, Takayuki; Yonetoku, Daisuke.

In: Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, Vol. 59, No. 1 SPEC. ISS., 2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Takahashi, T, Abe, K, Endo, M, Endo, Y, Ezoe, Y, Fukazawa, Y, Hamaya, M, Hirakurl, S, Hong, S, Horii, M, Inoue, H, Isobe, N, Itoh, T, Iyomoto, N, Kamae, T, Kasama, D, Kataoka, J, Kato, H, Kawaharada, M, Kawano, N, Kawashima, K, Kawasoe, S, Klshishita, T, Kltaguchi, T, Kobayashi, Y, Kokubun, M, Kotoku, J, Kouda, M, Kubota, A, Kuroda, Y, Madejski, G, Makishima, K, Masukawa, K, Matsumoto, Y, Mitani, T, Miyawaki, R, Mizuno, T, Mori, K, Mori, M, Murashima, M, Murakami, T, Nakazawa, K, Niko, H, Nomachi, M, Okada, Y, Ohno, M, Oonuki, K, Ota, N, Ozawa, H, Sato, G, Shinoda, S, Sugiho, M, Suzuki, M, Taguchi, K, Takahashi, H, Takahashi, I, Takeda, S, Tamura, KI, Tamura, T, Tanaka, T, Tanihata, C, Tashiro, M, Terada, Y, Tominaga, S, Uchiyama, Y, Watanabe, S, Yamaoka, K, Yanagida, T & Yonetoku, D 2007, 'Hard X-ray Detector (HXD) on board Suzaku', Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, vol. 59, no. 1 SPEC. ISS..
Takahashi T, Abe K, Endo M, Endo Y, Ezoe Y, Fukazawa Y et al. Hard X-ray Detector (HXD) on board Suzaku. Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 2007;59(1 SPEC. ISS.).
Takahashi, Tadayuki ; Abe, Keiichi ; Endo, Manabu ; Endo, Yasuhiko ; Ezoe, Yuuichiro ; Fukazawa, Yasushi ; Hamaya, Masahito ; Hirakurl, Shinya ; Hong, Soojing ; Horii, Michihiro ; Inoue, Hokuto ; Isobe, Naoki ; Itoh, Takeshi ; Iyomoto, Naoko ; Kamae, Tuneyoshi ; Kasama, Daisuke ; Kataoka, Jun ; Kato, Hiroshi ; Kawaharada, Madoka ; Kawano, Naomi ; Kawashima, Kengo ; Kawasoe, Satoshi ; Klshishita, Tetsuichi ; Kltaguchi, Takao ; Kobayashi, Yoshihito ; Kokubun, Motohide ; Kotoku, Jun'ichi ; Kouda, Manabu ; Kubota, Aya ; Kuroda, Yoshikatsu ; Madejski, Greg ; Makishima, Kazuo ; Masukawa, Kazunori ; Matsumoto, Yukari ; Mitani, Takefumi ; Miyawaki, Ryohei ; Mizuno, Tsunefumi ; Mori, Kunishiro ; Mori, Masanori ; Murashima, Mio ; Murakami, Toshio ; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro ; Niko, Hisako ; Nomachi, Masaharu ; Okada, Yuu ; Ohno, Masanori ; Oonuki, Kousuke ; Ota, Naomi ; Ozawa, Hideki ; Sato, Goro ; Shinoda, Shingo ; Sugiho, Masahiko ; Suzuki, Masaya ; Taguchi, Koji ; Takahashi, Hiromitsu ; Takahashi, Isao ; Takeda, Shin'ichiro ; Tamura, Ken Ichi ; Tamura, Takayuki ; Tanaka, Takaaki ; Tanihata, Chiharu ; Tashiro, Makoto ; Terada, Yukikatsu ; Tominaga, Shin'ya ; Uchiyama, Yasunobu ; Watanabe, Shin ; Yamaoka, Kazutaka ; Yanagida, Takayuki ; Yonetoku, Daisuke. / Hard X-ray Detector (HXD) on board Suzaku. In: Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 2007 ; Vol. 59, No. 1 SPEC. ISS.
@article{c3ca5854afd543388e42d511bac8efbe,
title = "Hard X-ray Detector (HXD) on board Suzaku",
abstract = "The Hard X-ray Detector (HXD) on board Suzaku covers a wide energy range from 10keV to 600 keV by the combination of silicon PIN diodes and GSO scintillators. The HXD is designed to achieve an extremely low in-orbit background based on a combination of new techniques, including the concept of a well-type active shield counter. With an effective area of 142cm2 at 20keV and 273cm2 at 150keV, the background level at sea level reached ∼ 1 × 10-5 cts s-1 cm-2keV -1 at 30 keV for the PIN diodes, and ∼ 2 × 10-5 cts s-1 cm-2keV-1 at 100keV, and ∼ 7 × 10-6 cts s-1 cm-2keV-1 at 200keV for the phoswich counter. Tight active shielding of the HXD results in a large array of guard counters surrounding the main detector parts. These anti-coincidence counters, made of ∼ 4cm thick BGO crystals, have a large effective area for sub-MeV to MeV x-rays. They work as an excellent y-ray burst monitor with limited angular resolution (∼ 5°). The on-board signal-processing system and the data transmitted to the ground are also described.",
keywords = "Instrumentation: detectors, X-rays: general",
author = "Tadayuki Takahashi and Keiichi Abe and Manabu Endo and Yasuhiko Endo and Yuuichiro Ezoe and Yasushi Fukazawa and Masahito Hamaya and Shinya Hirakurl and Soojing Hong and Michihiro Horii and Hokuto Inoue and Naoki Isobe and Takeshi Itoh and Naoko Iyomoto and Tuneyoshi Kamae and Daisuke Kasama and Jun Kataoka and Hiroshi Kato and Madoka Kawaharada and Naomi Kawano and Kengo Kawashima and Satoshi Kawasoe and Tetsuichi Klshishita and Takao Kltaguchi and Yoshihito Kobayashi and Motohide Kokubun and Jun'ichi Kotoku and Manabu Kouda and Aya Kubota and Yoshikatsu Kuroda and Greg Madejski and Kazuo Makishima and Kazunori Masukawa and Yukari Matsumoto and Takefumi Mitani and Ryohei Miyawaki and Tsunefumi Mizuno and Kunishiro Mori and Masanori Mori and Mio Murashima and Toshio Murakami and Kazuhiro Nakazawa and Hisako Niko and Masaharu Nomachi and Yuu Okada and Masanori Ohno and Kousuke Oonuki and Naomi Ota and Hideki Ozawa and Goro Sato and Shingo Shinoda and Masahiko Sugiho and Masaya Suzuki and Koji Taguchi and Hiromitsu Takahashi and Isao Takahashi and Shin'ichiro Takeda and Tamura, {Ken Ichi} and Takayuki Tamura and Takaaki Tanaka and Chiharu Tanihata and Makoto Tashiro and Yukikatsu Terada and Shin'ya Tominaga and Yasunobu Uchiyama and Shin Watanabe and Kazutaka Yamaoka and Takayuki Yanagida and Daisuke Yonetoku",
year = "2007",
language = "English",
volume = "59",
journal = "Publication of the Astronomical Society of Japan",
issn = "0004-6264",
publisher = "Astronomical Society of Japan",
number = "1 SPEC. ISS.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hard X-ray Detector (HXD) on board Suzaku

AU - Takahashi, Tadayuki

AU - Abe, Keiichi

AU - Endo, Manabu

AU - Endo, Yasuhiko

AU - Ezoe, Yuuichiro

AU - Fukazawa, Yasushi

AU - Hamaya, Masahito

AU - Hirakurl, Shinya

AU - Hong, Soojing

AU - Horii, Michihiro

AU - Inoue, Hokuto

AU - Isobe, Naoki

AU - Itoh, Takeshi

AU - Iyomoto, Naoko

AU - Kamae, Tuneyoshi

AU - Kasama, Daisuke

AU - Kataoka, Jun

AU - Kato, Hiroshi

AU - Kawaharada, Madoka

AU - Kawano, Naomi

AU - Kawashima, Kengo

AU - Kawasoe, Satoshi

AU - Klshishita, Tetsuichi

AU - Kltaguchi, Takao

AU - Kobayashi, Yoshihito

AU - Kokubun, Motohide

AU - Kotoku, Jun'ichi

AU - Kouda, Manabu

AU - Kubota, Aya

AU - Kuroda, Yoshikatsu

AU - Madejski, Greg

AU - Makishima, Kazuo

AU - Masukawa, Kazunori

AU - Matsumoto, Yukari

AU - Mitani, Takefumi

AU - Miyawaki, Ryohei

AU - Mizuno, Tsunefumi

AU - Mori, Kunishiro

AU - Mori, Masanori

AU - Murashima, Mio

AU - Murakami, Toshio

AU - Nakazawa, Kazuhiro

AU - Niko, Hisako

AU - Nomachi, Masaharu

AU - Okada, Yuu

AU - Ohno, Masanori

AU - Oonuki, Kousuke

AU - Ota, Naomi

AU - Ozawa, Hideki

AU - Sato, Goro

AU - Shinoda, Shingo

AU - Sugiho, Masahiko

AU - Suzuki, Masaya

AU - Taguchi, Koji

AU - Takahashi, Hiromitsu

AU - Takahashi, Isao

AU - Takeda, Shin'ichiro

AU - Tamura, Ken Ichi

AU - Tamura, Takayuki

AU - Tanaka, Takaaki

AU - Tanihata, Chiharu

AU - Tashiro, Makoto

AU - Terada, Yukikatsu

AU - Tominaga, Shin'ya

AU - Uchiyama, Yasunobu

AU - Watanabe, Shin

AU - Yamaoka, Kazutaka

AU - Yanagida, Takayuki

AU - Yonetoku, Daisuke

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - The Hard X-ray Detector (HXD) on board Suzaku covers a wide energy range from 10keV to 600 keV by the combination of silicon PIN diodes and GSO scintillators. The HXD is designed to achieve an extremely low in-orbit background based on a combination of new techniques, including the concept of a well-type active shield counter. With an effective area of 142cm2 at 20keV and 273cm2 at 150keV, the background level at sea level reached ∼ 1 × 10-5 cts s-1 cm-2keV -1 at 30 keV for the PIN diodes, and ∼ 2 × 10-5 cts s-1 cm-2keV-1 at 100keV, and ∼ 7 × 10-6 cts s-1 cm-2keV-1 at 200keV for the phoswich counter. Tight active shielding of the HXD results in a large array of guard counters surrounding the main detector parts. These anti-coincidence counters, made of ∼ 4cm thick BGO crystals, have a large effective area for sub-MeV to MeV x-rays. They work as an excellent y-ray burst monitor with limited angular resolution (∼ 5°). The on-board signal-processing system and the data transmitted to the ground are also described.

AB - The Hard X-ray Detector (HXD) on board Suzaku covers a wide energy range from 10keV to 600 keV by the combination of silicon PIN diodes and GSO scintillators. The HXD is designed to achieve an extremely low in-orbit background based on a combination of new techniques, including the concept of a well-type active shield counter. With an effective area of 142cm2 at 20keV and 273cm2 at 150keV, the background level at sea level reached ∼ 1 × 10-5 cts s-1 cm-2keV -1 at 30 keV for the PIN diodes, and ∼ 2 × 10-5 cts s-1 cm-2keV-1 at 100keV, and ∼ 7 × 10-6 cts s-1 cm-2keV-1 at 200keV for the phoswich counter. Tight active shielding of the HXD results in a large array of guard counters surrounding the main detector parts. These anti-coincidence counters, made of ∼ 4cm thick BGO crystals, have a large effective area for sub-MeV to MeV x-rays. They work as an excellent y-ray burst monitor with limited angular resolution (∼ 5°). The on-board signal-processing system and the data transmitted to the ground are also described.

KW - Instrumentation: detectors

KW - X-rays: general

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34047117291&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34047117291&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 59

JO - Publication of the Astronomical Society of Japan

JF - Publication of the Astronomical Society of Japan

SN - 0004-6264

IS - 1 SPEC. ISS.

ER -