Hardware development and in-orbit demonstration of the electrical power system for TSUBAME high-powered micro-satellite

Masanori Matsushita, Yoichi Yatsu, Makoto Arimoto, Saburo Matunaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper describes the development and in-orbit demonstration of an electrical power system (EPS) for the 100 W/50 kg-class micro-satellite TSUBAME. Due to the high power consumption per surface area of the TSUBAME and the high power-to-mass ratio, we encountered several technical issues to be solved before the launch. TSUBAME's power demand varies drastically depending on the operation mode, from 2 W to 90 W. Therefore, we could not use the shunt regulator widely used for satellites. To suppress the exhaust heat from the dump power during low-power mode, we developed a series linear regulator that supplies less than 31 V to the main bus. Using this method, the operation point of the current-voltage curve for solar arrays was optimized automatically. However, this control law possesses a hysteresis which invokes a deadlock mode called battery lockup. In addition, the PWM current controller in the battery charger had 35 VPP spike noises, which resulted in system-wide failure. To resolve the fatal problem, we redeveloped the EPS, specifically the noise charger, taking into account physical mechanisms that emitted noise. After environmental and integration tests, the EPS placed on the satellite, which was launched and worked correctly on orbit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-115
Number of pages7
JournalTransactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences
Volume60
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

electrical power
hardware
Orbits
Demonstrations
Satellites
orbits
Hardware
battery chargers
environmental tests
linear quadratic regulator
solar arrays
pulse duration modulation
regulators
shunts
hysteresis
spikes
mass ratios
Pulse width modulation
Hysteresis
electric batteries

Keywords

  • Battery lockup
  • Charging circuit
  • Electrical power system
  • Satellites
  • Series linear regulator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Hardware development and in-orbit demonstration of the electrical power system for TSUBAME high-powered micro-satellite. / Matsushita, Masanori; Yatsu, Yoichi; Arimoto, Makoto; Matunaga, Saburo.

In: Transactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences, Vol. 60, No. 2, 2017, p. 109-115.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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