Hat-type hearing aid system with flexible sound directivity pattern

Takayuki Inoue, Yusuke Ikeda, Yasuhiro Oikawa

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    For speech communication, it is useful to emphasise the sound coming from a target direction. A large-scale microphone array enables a flexible design of the directivity pattern. However, it is difficult to implement a large-sale microphone array onto an ear-type hearing aid system. In this paper, we propose a hat-type hearing aid system composed of 48 MEMS microphones that can increase the flexibility of the sound directivity pattern. We found that it is possible to reduce the number of microphones to be used by considering the hat effect, without affecting the system performance. By compensating the time delays and reducing the number of microphones based on impulse response measurements, the directivity range of the sound directivity pattern was improved by 5 dB. In addition, we conducted a qualitative evaluation that resulted in an intelligibility improvement when using our hearing aid system.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)22-29
    Number of pages8
    JournalAcoustical Science and Technology
    Volume39
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

    Fingerprint

    directivity
    hearing
    microphones
    acoustics
    intelligibility
    ear
    microelectromechanical systems
    impulses
    flexibility
    time lag
    communication
    evaluation

    Keywords

    • Delay-and-sum beamforming
    • FPGA
    • MEMS microphone array
    • Single-bit signal processing

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

    Cite this

    Hat-type hearing aid system with flexible sound directivity pattern. / Inoue, Takayuki; Ikeda, Yusuke; Oikawa, Yasuhiro.

    In: Acoustical Science and Technology, Vol. 39, No. 1, 01.01.2018, p. 22-29.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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