We show that cholesteric (Ch) liquid crystal droplets with cylindrically symmetric orientation dispersing in an isotropic (Iso) phase exhibited unidirectional rotation under a heat flux along the symmetry axis. By introducing colloidal particle adhesive to the Ch droplet surface, we traced the translational motion of the colloids and found that the colloids rotated unidirectionally around the center of each Ch droplet. The director configuration of the droplets was not distorted either spatially or temporally, while the colloids rotated constantly. The results suggest that the Ch droplets under the heat flux should rotate as a rigid body. Using this heat-driven rotation of the Ch droplets, we designed new geometries of various composites of Ch droplets and colloids and succeeded in driving intriguing complex dynamics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry