Hierarchical Flower Structured Bi2S3/Reduced Graphene Oxide Nanocomposite for High Electrochemical Performance

Abdul Kalam Noordeen*, Sankar Sambasivam, Sengottaiyan Chinnasamy, Jayavel Ramasamy, Thiyagu Subramani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A biomolecule assisted synthesis of bismuth sulfide (Bi2S3)/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) composite nanostructures by one-pot hydrothermal method. The structure, morphology and elemental analysis of the synthesized material were studied by X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Raman spectroscopy attest the reduction of graphene oxide and structural defects respectively. Absorbance and emission responses were studied by UV-vis-NIR and Photoluminescence spectroscopy. Electrochemical performances of the graphene oxide (GO), Bi2S3 and Bi2S3/rGO composite were investigated by Electrochemical workstation. The Bi2S3/rGO composite electrode attained five times higher specific capacitances of 817.6 F g−1 at scan rate of 5 mV s−1 and 680.6 F g−1 at a current density of 1 A g−1 compared to pure Bi2S3 (143.9 F g−1 at 5 mV s−1 and 152.23 F g−1 at 1 A g−1) respectively. Moreover, Bi2S3/rGO composite maintain better cyclic stability with the capacitance retention about 87% over 1000 cycles, and offer a high conductive connection for fast ion diffusion between electrode and electrolyte interface. The strong synergistic effect of the hierarchical flower structured/rGO composite suggest as a promising material for supercapacitor applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-83
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • BiS
  • Hierarchical flower
  • HR-TEM
  • Nanocomposites
  • Reduced graphene oxide
  • Supercapacitance
  • XPS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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