HIF-1-dependent lipin1 induction prevents excessive lipid accumulation in choline-deficient diet-induced fatty liver

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Abstract

Adaptive responses to hypoxia regulate hepatic lipid metabolism, but their consequences in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are largely unknown. Here, we show that hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), a key determinant of hypoxic adaptations, prevents excessive hepatic lipid accumulation in the progression of NAFLD. When exposed to a choline-deficient diet (CDD) for 4 weeks, the loss of hepatic Hif-1α gene accelerated liver steatosis with enhanced triglyceride accumulation in the liver compared to wild-type (WT) livers. Expression of genes involved in peroxisomal fatty acid oxidation was suppressed significantly in CDD-treated WT livers, whereas this reduction was further enhanced in Hif-1α-deficient livers. A lack of induction and nuclear accumulation of lipin1, a key regulator of the PPARα/PGC-1α pathway, could be attributed to impaired peroxisomal β-oxidation in Hif-1α-deficient livers. The lipin1-mediated binding of PPARα to the acyl CoA oxidase promoter was markedly reduced in Hif-1α-deficient mice exposed to a CDD. Moreover, forced Lipin1 expression restored the aberrant lipid accumulation caused by Hif-1α deletion in cells incubated in a choline-deficient medium. These results strongly suggest that HIF-1 plays a crucial role in the regulation of peroxisomal lipid metabolism by activating the expression and nuclear accumulation of lipin1 in NAFLD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14230
JournalScientific reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1

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