High-sensitive fluorescent DNA sequencing and its application for detection and mass-screening of point mutations

Masahira Hattori, K. Yoshioka, Y. Sakaki

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Abstract

We describe a rapid and sensitive DNA sequencing method for an automated flurorescent DNA sequencer (AFDS) and its application for detection of point mutations. The method is based on an improved cycle sequencing procedure in which only 10-50 fmol of template DNA is required. Furthermore, it is able to use crude DNA preparation as a template as well as the purified one. Thus, the improved method provided a simplified procedure for sequencing of various types of DNA, including cosmid DNA, in which purification steps were unnecessary. We also developed a novel system for detection of point mutations using AFDS. A set of four lanes is used for the parallel analysis of single-base profiles of four different samples, instead of for the four-base profile of a sample. The AFDS exhibits the base profiles of the samples with four different colors in the analyzed data, which enables us to identify a mutation as an additional peak with a color specific for the lane. The feasibility of our system was tested by analyzing polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified genomic DNAs from four individuals including a carrier of a mutation of C to T. The mutation was clearly identified as an additional 'T' peak of a color specific for the carrier. The mutation was also detectable even if 16 individuals including the carrier were simultaneously analyzed on a set of four lanes (four individual samples for each lane). Thus, the novel system is useful for simultaneous detection of mutations in a large number of individual samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)560-565
Number of pages6
JournalElectrophoresis
Volume13
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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