The ability to directly modulate a nanocavity laser with ultralow power consumption is essential for the realization of a CMOS-integrated, on-chip photonic network, as several thousand lasers must be integrated onto a single chip. Here, we show high-speed direct modulation (3-dB modulation bandwidth of 5.5 GHz) of an ultracompact InP/InGaAsP buried heterostructure photonic-crystal laser at room temperature by optical pumping. The required energy for transmitting one bit is estimated to be 13 fJ. We also achieve a threshold input power of 1.5 μW, which is the lowest observed value for room-temperature continuous-wave operation of any type of laser. The maximum single-mode fibre output power of 0.44 μW is the highest output power, to our knowledge, for photonic-crystal nanocavity lasers under room-temperature continuous-wave operation. Implementing a buried heterostructure leads to excellent device performance, reducing the active region temperature and effectively confining the carriers inside the cavity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics