Highly and stably dispersed Pt catalysts supported over La 1-xSrxAlO3-0.5x perovskite for oxidative methane activation and their structures

Daiki Mukai, Yoshiyuki Izutsu, Yasushi Sekine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Catalytic activity for oxidative methane conversion (partial oxidation of methane) over Pt catalyst supported on La1-xSrxAlO 3-0.5x was investigated. Pt/La0.7Sr0.3AlO 2.85 showed higher and more stable hydrogen yield than Pt/α-Al2O3 did. Pt/La0.7Sr 0.3AlO2.85 showed higher catalytic activity for steam reform of methane even in an oxidative atmosphere, which was attributable to high Pt dispersion in the oxidative reaction atmosphere. Pt dispersion over La0.8Sr0.2AlO2.9 or La0.7Sr 0.3AlO2.85 increased concomitantly with increasing calcination temperature in air. This phenomenon was not observed by aging in He flow. From structural analyses using XRD, XPS, EXAFS, and XANES, the interaction or coordination between Pt and surface oxygen (Os) was observed. This coordination was weakened in a reductive atmosphere and regenerated in an oxidative atmosphere. This interaction or coordination between the Pt and La1-xSrxAlO3-0.5x contributed to high Pt dispersion in an oxidative atmosphere and to high catalytic activity for the partial oxidation of methane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-81
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume458
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May 10

Keywords

  • High dispersion
  • Lattice oxygen
  • Oxidative atmosphere
  • Partial oxidation of methane
  • Perovskite support
  • Pt catalyst

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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