Hot Fomentation of the Lower-Back for Stress Relief in Students Preparing for a National Examination of Clinical Medical Technologist

Hanachiyo Nagata, Junzo Watada, Ito Yushi, Takao Shindo, Masasuke Takefu, Masahiro Nakano, Kumiko Satou, Yoriko Hasimoto, Sadahiro Kumamoto, Sumiko Oki, Fusako Fujii, Yukmitu Satou, Norio Akaike

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The objective of this study is to propose a method of hot fomentation for a lower-back care for stress relief. Experimental evidence statistically validated this approach for relieving stress. In the experiment, hot fomentation was applied to twenty senior college students (from 21 to 22 years old) who had complained of stiffness in their shoulder and lumbar region of the back during the month prior to a national examination for clinical Medical technologist. Before and after the 30-minute hot fomentation care with a hot-pack, we measured their psychological and physical reactions. The changes in their psychological reactions were evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS) to assess the degree of comfort. The physical reactions were evaluated using the cortisol level of blood serum as an index of stress. (1) The experimentally determined VAS values indicated that hot fomentation significantly relieved stress. (2) The cortisol level of blood serum (a proven neuroimmunological index of stress) decreased significantly following the hot fomentation care. (3) However, both the changes of VAS values and the cortisol level changes of blood serum are not significantly correlated. We found that lower-back hot fomentation by a hot-pack provided a significant stress relief effect, both mentally and physically, for the 20 students who planned to take a national examination of Clinical Medical technologist. However, both the psychological and physical outcomes were not significantly correlated. This lack of correlation indicates that the anxiety relief might exceed the physical stress relief.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSmart Innovation, Systems and Technologies
    Pages13-20
    Number of pages8
    Volume16
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Publication series

    NameSmart Innovation, Systems and Technologies
    Volume16
    ISSN (Print)21903018
    ISSN (Electronic)21903026

    Fingerprint

    Stress relief
    Cortisol
    Students
    Blood
    Stiffness
    Experiments
    Psychological
    Visual analogue scale
    Serum

    Keywords

    • Hot fomentation
    • Hot-pack
    • Laboratory technologist
    • Lower-back portion
    • National examination
    • The cortisol level of blood serum
    • VAS
    • Visual analog scale

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Computer Science(all)
    • Decision Sciences(all)

    Cite this

    Nagata, H., Watada, J., Yushi, I., Shindo, T., Takefu, M., Nakano, M., ... Akaike, N. (2012). Hot Fomentation of the Lower-Back for Stress Relief in Students Preparing for a National Examination of Clinical Medical Technologist. In Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies (Vol. 16, pp. 13-20). (Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies; Vol. 16). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-29920-9_2

    Hot Fomentation of the Lower-Back for Stress Relief in Students Preparing for a National Examination of Clinical Medical Technologist. / Nagata, Hanachiyo; Watada, Junzo; Yushi, Ito; Shindo, Takao; Takefu, Masasuke; Nakano, Masahiro; Satou, Kumiko; Hasimoto, Yoriko; Kumamoto, Sadahiro; Oki, Sumiko; Fujii, Fusako; Satou, Yukmitu; Akaike, Norio.

    Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Vol. 16 2012. p. 13-20 (Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies; Vol. 16).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Nagata, H, Watada, J, Yushi, I, Shindo, T, Takefu, M, Nakano, M, Satou, K, Hasimoto, Y, Kumamoto, S, Oki, S, Fujii, F, Satou, Y & Akaike, N 2012, Hot Fomentation of the Lower-Back for Stress Relief in Students Preparing for a National Examination of Clinical Medical Technologist. in Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. vol. 16, Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, vol. 16, pp. 13-20. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-29920-9_2
    Nagata H, Watada J, Yushi I, Shindo T, Takefu M, Nakano M et al. Hot Fomentation of the Lower-Back for Stress Relief in Students Preparing for a National Examination of Clinical Medical Technologist. In Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Vol. 16. 2012. p. 13-20. (Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-29920-9_2
    Nagata, Hanachiyo ; Watada, Junzo ; Yushi, Ito ; Shindo, Takao ; Takefu, Masasuke ; Nakano, Masahiro ; Satou, Kumiko ; Hasimoto, Yoriko ; Kumamoto, Sadahiro ; Oki, Sumiko ; Fujii, Fusako ; Satou, Yukmitu ; Akaike, Norio. / Hot Fomentation of the Lower-Back for Stress Relief in Students Preparing for a National Examination of Clinical Medical Technologist. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Vol. 16 2012. pp. 13-20 (Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies).
    @inbook{3b7cae368a2f45f4af3cb8c6b6cdb729,
    title = "Hot Fomentation of the Lower-Back for Stress Relief in Students Preparing for a National Examination of Clinical Medical Technologist",
    abstract = "The objective of this study is to propose a method of hot fomentation for a lower-back care for stress relief. Experimental evidence statistically validated this approach for relieving stress. In the experiment, hot fomentation was applied to twenty senior college students (from 21 to 22 years old) who had complained of stiffness in their shoulder and lumbar region of the back during the month prior to a national examination for clinical Medical technologist. Before and after the 30-minute hot fomentation care with a hot-pack, we measured their psychological and physical reactions. The changes in their psychological reactions were evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS) to assess the degree of comfort. The physical reactions were evaluated using the cortisol level of blood serum as an index of stress. (1) The experimentally determined VAS values indicated that hot fomentation significantly relieved stress. (2) The cortisol level of blood serum (a proven neuroimmunological index of stress) decreased significantly following the hot fomentation care. (3) However, both the changes of VAS values and the cortisol level changes of blood serum are not significantly correlated. We found that lower-back hot fomentation by a hot-pack provided a significant stress relief effect, both mentally and physically, for the 20 students who planned to take a national examination of Clinical Medical technologist. However, both the psychological and physical outcomes were not significantly correlated. This lack of correlation indicates that the anxiety relief might exceed the physical stress relief.",
    keywords = "Hot fomentation, Hot-pack, Laboratory technologist, Lower-back portion, National examination, The cortisol level of blood serum, VAS, Visual analog scale",
    author = "Hanachiyo Nagata and Junzo Watada and Ito Yushi and Takao Shindo and Masasuke Takefu and Masahiro Nakano and Kumiko Satou and Yoriko Hasimoto and Sadahiro Kumamoto and Sumiko Oki and Fusako Fujii and Yukmitu Satou and Norio Akaike",
    year = "2012",
    doi = "10.1007/978-3-642-29920-9_2",
    language = "English",
    isbn = "9783642299193",
    volume = "16",
    series = "Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies",
    pages = "13--20",
    booktitle = "Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies",

    }

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - Hot Fomentation of the Lower-Back for Stress Relief in Students Preparing for a National Examination of Clinical Medical Technologist

    AU - Nagata, Hanachiyo

    AU - Watada, Junzo

    AU - Yushi, Ito

    AU - Shindo, Takao

    AU - Takefu, Masasuke

    AU - Nakano, Masahiro

    AU - Satou, Kumiko

    AU - Hasimoto, Yoriko

    AU - Kumamoto, Sadahiro

    AU - Oki, Sumiko

    AU - Fujii, Fusako

    AU - Satou, Yukmitu

    AU - Akaike, Norio

    PY - 2012

    Y1 - 2012

    N2 - The objective of this study is to propose a method of hot fomentation for a lower-back care for stress relief. Experimental evidence statistically validated this approach for relieving stress. In the experiment, hot fomentation was applied to twenty senior college students (from 21 to 22 years old) who had complained of stiffness in their shoulder and lumbar region of the back during the month prior to a national examination for clinical Medical technologist. Before and after the 30-minute hot fomentation care with a hot-pack, we measured their psychological and physical reactions. The changes in their psychological reactions were evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS) to assess the degree of comfort. The physical reactions were evaluated using the cortisol level of blood serum as an index of stress. (1) The experimentally determined VAS values indicated that hot fomentation significantly relieved stress. (2) The cortisol level of blood serum (a proven neuroimmunological index of stress) decreased significantly following the hot fomentation care. (3) However, both the changes of VAS values and the cortisol level changes of blood serum are not significantly correlated. We found that lower-back hot fomentation by a hot-pack provided a significant stress relief effect, both mentally and physically, for the 20 students who planned to take a national examination of Clinical Medical technologist. However, both the psychological and physical outcomes were not significantly correlated. This lack of correlation indicates that the anxiety relief might exceed the physical stress relief.

    AB - The objective of this study is to propose a method of hot fomentation for a lower-back care for stress relief. Experimental evidence statistically validated this approach for relieving stress. In the experiment, hot fomentation was applied to twenty senior college students (from 21 to 22 years old) who had complained of stiffness in their shoulder and lumbar region of the back during the month prior to a national examination for clinical Medical technologist. Before and after the 30-minute hot fomentation care with a hot-pack, we measured their psychological and physical reactions. The changes in their psychological reactions were evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS) to assess the degree of comfort. The physical reactions were evaluated using the cortisol level of blood serum as an index of stress. (1) The experimentally determined VAS values indicated that hot fomentation significantly relieved stress. (2) The cortisol level of blood serum (a proven neuroimmunological index of stress) decreased significantly following the hot fomentation care. (3) However, both the changes of VAS values and the cortisol level changes of blood serum are not significantly correlated. We found that lower-back hot fomentation by a hot-pack provided a significant stress relief effect, both mentally and physically, for the 20 students who planned to take a national examination of Clinical Medical technologist. However, both the psychological and physical outcomes were not significantly correlated. This lack of correlation indicates that the anxiety relief might exceed the physical stress relief.

    KW - Hot fomentation

    KW - Hot-pack

    KW - Laboratory technologist

    KW - Lower-back portion

    KW - National examination

    KW - The cortisol level of blood serum

    KW - VAS

    KW - Visual analog scale

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84879269406&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84879269406&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1007/978-3-642-29920-9_2

    DO - 10.1007/978-3-642-29920-9_2

    M3 - Chapter

    AN - SCOPUS:84879269406

    SN - 9783642299193

    VL - 16

    T3 - Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies

    SP - 13

    EP - 20

    BT - Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies

    ER -