How People Attribute Minds to Non-Living Entities

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Cognitive biases are a central element of human cognition. One of the biases that intriguing cognitive scientist and psychologist most would be Theory of Mind, the cognitive capacity to ascribe mental states to others, animals, and even non-living entities. According to previous studies on mind perception, mental states people perceive can be classified into two categories, 'Experience' and 'Agency.' 'Experience' is referred to the capacity for sensation and feeling, while 'Agency' is the capacity to intend and to act. Moreover, perceived lower 'Experience' was the critical element in the perception of non-living entities (e.g., robots). However, it is unclear whether these findings of mind perception have the cultural universality. The present study investigated the two-dimensional structure of mind perception and the characteristics of the perception of non-living entities with a sample of Japanese youth. The results of two surveys showed that Japanese youth perceived mind on the same two dimensions as previous studies and that they attributed lower 'Experience' to non-living entities than living entities. These results support the view that mind perception structure may be similar among cultures.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 11th International Conference on Knowledge and Smart Technology, KST 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages213-217
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781538675120
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 10
Event11th International Conference on Knowledge and Smart Technology, KST 2019 - Chonburi, Thailand
Duration: 2019 Jan 232019 Jan 26

Publication series

Name2019 11th International Conference on Knowledge and Smart Technology, KST 2019

Conference

Conference11th International Conference on Knowledge and Smart Technology, KST 2019
CountryThailand
CityChonburi
Period19/1/2319/1/26

Keywords

  • agency
  • cultural difference
  • experience
  • mind perception
  • morality
  • nonliving entities
  • social robots

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications

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  • Cite this

    Ishii, T., & Watanabe, K. (2019). How People Attribute Minds to Non-Living Entities. In 2019 11th International Conference on Knowledge and Smart Technology, KST 2019 (pp. 213-217). [8687324] (2019 11th International Conference on Knowledge and Smart Technology, KST 2019). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/KST.2019.8687324