Hyper-gourd theory

Solving simultaneously the mysteries in particle physics, biology, oncology, neurology, economics, and cosmology

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The inevitability of various particle masses for hadrons, quarks, leptons, atoms, biological molecules, liquid droplets of fossil fuel and water, living cells including microorganisms and cancers, multi-cellar systems such as organs, neural systems, and the brain, stars, galaxies, and the cosmos is synthetically revealed. This is possible because each flexible particle is commonly generated by a mode in which a larger particle breaks up into two smaller ones through a gourd shape with two lumps. These masses, sizes, frequencies, and diversity dominated by super-magic numbers including the silver ratio, in fractal nature can be derived by the fusion of the quasi-stability principle defined between absolute instability and neutral stability, the indeterminacy principle extended for quantum, statistical, and continuum mechanics, and the spherical Lie group theory. The analyses also result in a new mathematical definition of living beings and non-living systems and further explain the standard network patterns of various particles and also the relation between information, structure, and function, because the proposed theory based on gourds posits a new hyper-interdisciplinary physics that explains a very wide range of scales, while the Newton, Schrödinger, and Boltzmann equations describe only a narrow range of scales.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)275-286
    Number of pages12
    JournalArtificial Life and Robotics
    Volume17
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec

    Fingerprint

    Galaxies
    Cosmology
    Fossil Fuels
    Fractals
    Oncology
    High energy physics
    Physics
    Neurology
    Mechanics
    Silver
    Economics
    Water
    Brain
    Hadrons
    Group theory
    Lie groups
    Neoplasms
    Statistical mechanics
    Continuum mechanics
    Boltzmann equation

    Keywords

    • Biological
    • Cosmic
    • Interdisciplinary
    • Quark
    • Subatomic

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Artificial Intelligence
    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

    Cite this

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    abstract = "The inevitability of various particle masses for hadrons, quarks, leptons, atoms, biological molecules, liquid droplets of fossil fuel and water, living cells including microorganisms and cancers, multi-cellar systems such as organs, neural systems, and the brain, stars, galaxies, and the cosmos is synthetically revealed. This is possible because each flexible particle is commonly generated by a mode in which a larger particle breaks up into two smaller ones through a gourd shape with two lumps. These masses, sizes, frequencies, and diversity dominated by super-magic numbers including the silver ratio, in fractal nature can be derived by the fusion of the quasi-stability principle defined between absolute instability and neutral stability, the indeterminacy principle extended for quantum, statistical, and continuum mechanics, and the spherical Lie group theory. The analyses also result in a new mathematical definition of living beings and non-living systems and further explain the standard network patterns of various particles and also the relation between information, structure, and function, because the proposed theory based on gourds posits a new hyper-interdisciplinary physics that explains a very wide range of scales, while the Newton, Schr{\"o}dinger, and Boltzmann equations describe only a narrow range of scales.",
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