Iconoclasm and iconophilia in Cistercian art cloister sculpture of fontfroide, Alcobaça, and Chiaravalle della Colomba

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The avoidance of figurative representation in early Cistercian art is attributed to a protest against luxury and to an attachment to formal purity and simplicity. However, one may argue that some of the iconoclastic sensitivities were consistent. Beginning at circa the end of the 12th century, figurative representations gradually appeared, not in the church but in the cloister. This article investigates the appearance of figurative sculpture in Cistercian cloisters, in particular those of Fontfroide in Occitanie in Southern France, Alcobaça in Portugal, and Chiaravalle della Colomba in Piacentino in Northern Italy. On the capitals and corbels with figurative representations in the cloisters, it is possible to identify coherent notions of profane morals and caricatures associated with Cistercian monastic virtue and ethics. It does not seem coincidental that most of those sparse images were located near the chapter houses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-64
Number of pages8
JournalIkon
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Cloister
Iconoclasm
Figurative
Art
Luxury
Protest
Profane
Northern Italy
Southern France
Purity
Avoidance
Figurative Sculpture
Caricature
Simplicity
Portugal
12th Century

Keywords

  • Alcobaça
  • Chapter house
  • Chiaravalle della Colomba
  • Cistercian
  • Cloister
  • Dragon
  • Fontfroide
  • Iconoclasm
  • Nude
  • Saint Bernard

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts
  • Religious studies

Cite this

Iconoclasm and iconophilia in Cistercian art cloister sculpture of fontfroide, Alcobaça, and Chiaravalle della Colomba. / Kojima, Yoshie.

In: Ikon, Vol. 11, 01.01.2018, p. 57-64.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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