Identification and cloning of a novel cDNA belonging to tetratricopeptide repeat gene family from down syndrome-critical region 21q22.2

Fujiko Tsukahara, Masahira Hattori, Takamura Muraki, Yoshiyuki Sakaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We identified and cloned a novel 9,078-bp cDNA, designated TPRDI, from the Down syndrome-critical region by exon trapping. The cDNA encodes a putative protein (TPRDI) of 2,025 amino acid residues. Two isoforms, TPRDII (8,992 bp) and TPRDIII (7,416 bp), were also isolated. TPRDII, which is probably an alternative splicing product from the TPRD gene transcript, encodes two large open reading frames (ORFs) of 200 amino acid residues and 1,792 amino acid residues, respectively. TPRDIII, which is probably generated by transcription from an alternative start site of the TPRD gene, encodes a putative protein of 1,715 amino acid residues (TPRDIII). Northern blot analysis revealed that TPRDI and its isoforms are present in 7-17 day mouse embryo and in all the human adult and fetal tissues examined. TPRDI has three units of a 34-amino-acid repeat similar to the tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) motif, which may mediate interaction with various proteins. A larger ORF encoded by TPRDII also has three units of TPR motif, but TPRDIII has only two-thirds of this motif unit. Thus, the TPRD gene may belong to the TPR gene family. Near-central and C terminal regions of TPRDs showed some homology to several matrix proteins such as trichohyalin and bullous pemphigoid antigen. It is possible that the TPRD gene is one of the genes whose overexpression causes several morphological anomalies observed in Down syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)820-827
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biochemistry
Volume120
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cloning
Organism Cloning
Complementary DNA
Genes
Amino Acids
Open Reading Frames
Protein Isoforms
Proteins
Bullous Pemphigoid
Transcription Initiation Site
Alternative Splicing
Transcription
Down Syndrome
Northern Blotting
Down Syndrome Critical Region
Exons
Fetus
Embryonic Structures
Tissue
Antigens

Keywords

  • cDNA cloning
  • Down syndrome
  • Exon trapping
  • Tetratricopeptide repeat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Identification and cloning of a novel cDNA belonging to tetratricopeptide repeat gene family from down syndrome-critical region 21q22.2. / Tsukahara, Fujiko; Hattori, Masahira; Muraki, Takamura; Sakaki, Yoshiyuki.

In: Journal of Biochemistry, Vol. 120, No. 4, 1996, p. 820-827.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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