Impact of changing the Japanese term for "schizophrenia" for reasons of stereotypical beliefs of schizophrenia in Japanese youth

Hidehiko Takahashi, Takashi Ideno, Shigetaka Okubo, Hiroshi Matsui, Kazuhisa Takemura, Masato Matsuura, Motoichiro Kato, Yoshiro Okubo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The old term for schizophrenia, "Seishin-Bunretsu-Byo" (Mind-Split Disease), has been replaced by "Togo-Shitcho-Sho" (Integration Disorder) in Japan. Stigma research requiring individuals to report personal beliefs is useful but is subject to social desirability bias. Using the Implicit Association Test, a measurement designed to minimize this bias, we assessed the impact of this renaming on the stereotype of schizophrenia held by a younger generation. The old term was strongly associated with "criminal", and this association became significantly weaker with the new term. The strategy of renaming holds considerable promise for tempering negative bias toward this disorder in Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-152
Number of pages4
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Volume112
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jul

Fingerprint

Schizophrenia
Japan
Togo
Social Desirability
Research

Keywords

  • Implicit association test
  • Renaming
  • Schizophrenia
  • Stigma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Impact of changing the Japanese term for "schizophrenia" for reasons of stereotypical beliefs of schizophrenia in Japanese youth. / Takahashi, Hidehiko; Ideno, Takashi; Okubo, Shigetaka; Matsui, Hiroshi; Takemura, Kazuhisa; Matsuura, Masato; Kato, Motoichiro; Okubo, Yoshiro.

In: Schizophrenia Research, Vol. 112, No. 1-3, 07.2009, p. 149-152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Takahashi, Hidehiko ; Ideno, Takashi ; Okubo, Shigetaka ; Matsui, Hiroshi ; Takemura, Kazuhisa ; Matsuura, Masato ; Kato, Motoichiro ; Okubo, Yoshiro. / Impact of changing the Japanese term for "schizophrenia" for reasons of stereotypical beliefs of schizophrenia in Japanese youth. In: Schizophrenia Research. 2009 ; Vol. 112, No. 1-3. pp. 149-152.
@article{93b7d231385e45209691ad95e4d0683c,
title = "Impact of changing the Japanese term for {"}schizophrenia{"} for reasons of stereotypical beliefs of schizophrenia in Japanese youth",
abstract = "The old term for schizophrenia, {"}Seishin-Bunretsu-Byo{"} (Mind-Split Disease), has been replaced by {"}Togo-Shitcho-Sho{"} (Integration Disorder) in Japan. Stigma research requiring individuals to report personal beliefs is useful but is subject to social desirability bias. Using the Implicit Association Test, a measurement designed to minimize this bias, we assessed the impact of this renaming on the stereotype of schizophrenia held by a younger generation. The old term was strongly associated with {"}criminal{"}, and this association became significantly weaker with the new term. The strategy of renaming holds considerable promise for tempering negative bias toward this disorder in Japan.",
keywords = "Implicit association test, Renaming, Schizophrenia, Stigma",
author = "Hidehiko Takahashi and Takashi Ideno and Shigetaka Okubo and Hiroshi Matsui and Kazuhisa Takemura and Masato Matsuura and Motoichiro Kato and Yoshiro Okubo",
year = "2009",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.schres.2009.03.037",
language = "English",
volume = "112",
pages = "149--152",
journal = "Schizophrenia Research",
issn = "0920-9964",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of changing the Japanese term for "schizophrenia" for reasons of stereotypical beliefs of schizophrenia in Japanese youth

AU - Takahashi, Hidehiko

AU - Ideno, Takashi

AU - Okubo, Shigetaka

AU - Matsui, Hiroshi

AU - Takemura, Kazuhisa

AU - Matsuura, Masato

AU - Kato, Motoichiro

AU - Okubo, Yoshiro

PY - 2009/7

Y1 - 2009/7

N2 - The old term for schizophrenia, "Seishin-Bunretsu-Byo" (Mind-Split Disease), has been replaced by "Togo-Shitcho-Sho" (Integration Disorder) in Japan. Stigma research requiring individuals to report personal beliefs is useful but is subject to social desirability bias. Using the Implicit Association Test, a measurement designed to minimize this bias, we assessed the impact of this renaming on the stereotype of schizophrenia held by a younger generation. The old term was strongly associated with "criminal", and this association became significantly weaker with the new term. The strategy of renaming holds considerable promise for tempering negative bias toward this disorder in Japan.

AB - The old term for schizophrenia, "Seishin-Bunretsu-Byo" (Mind-Split Disease), has been replaced by "Togo-Shitcho-Sho" (Integration Disorder) in Japan. Stigma research requiring individuals to report personal beliefs is useful but is subject to social desirability bias. Using the Implicit Association Test, a measurement designed to minimize this bias, we assessed the impact of this renaming on the stereotype of schizophrenia held by a younger generation. The old term was strongly associated with "criminal", and this association became significantly weaker with the new term. The strategy of renaming holds considerable promise for tempering negative bias toward this disorder in Japan.

KW - Implicit association test

KW - Renaming

KW - Schizophrenia

KW - Stigma

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=67349215106&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=67349215106&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.schres.2009.03.037

DO - 10.1016/j.schres.2009.03.037

M3 - Article

C2 - 19398303

AN - SCOPUS:67349215106

VL - 112

SP - 149

EP - 152

JO - Schizophrenia Research

JF - Schizophrenia Research

SN - 0920-9964

IS - 1-3

ER -