We investigated the electronic structure of layered Mn oxide Bi 3Mn4O12(NO3) with a Mn honeycomb lattice by x-ray absorption spectroscopy and model calculations. The valence of Mn was determined to be 4+ with a small charge-transfer energy of ∼ 1 eV. The values of (J1, J2, J3, Jc, Jc1, and Jc2) obtained by unrestricted Hartree-Fock calculations on Mn 3d-O 2p lattice models show that intra-layer second and third neighbor superexchange interactions J2 and J3 as well as inter-layer superexchange interactions Jc, Jc1, and J c2 are enhanced due to Mn-O-O-Mn pathways, which are activated by the smallness of charge-transfer energy. The present analysis indicates that the ferromagnetic Jc1 and antiferromagnetic Jc2 are responsible to the antiferromagnetic inter-layer coupling and that the intra-layer exchange interactions with the ferromagnetic J2 and antiferromagnetic J3 have no frustration effect.
- Honeycomb lattice
- X-ray absorption spectroscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry