Impacts of minimum wages on employment and unemployment in Indonesia

Tifani Husna Siregar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This study explores the impact of minimum wages on employment in the formal and informal sectors, as well as on unemployment in Indonesia. With the ongoing debate on the employment impact of minimum wages, by using aggregate provincial panel data from 2001 to 2015, we found that in general, a minimum wage increase lowers formal sector employment and informal sector employment. An increase in minimum wages is also estimated to lower unemployment, as labor participation declined. When divided by gender, this study shows that female workers in the 15–24 age groups bear the largest loss due to a minimum wage increase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-78
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of the Asia Pacific Economy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 2


  • employment
  • formal sector
  • informal sector
  • Minimum wages
  • unemployment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development
  • Political Science and International Relations


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