Implementation method of loss observer to power controller for overhead line and supercapacitor hybrid electric railway vehicle

Tatsuhito Saito, Keiichiro Kondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


In order to absorb the regenerative power and to reduce the peak input power of a train—in other words, to smooth the input power of the train—in this paper we repot a frequency-domain-based power controlling strategy for energy storage of hybrid electric railway vehicles. Applying a loss-compensating method by using a disturbance observer improves the energy while keeping ability of this controller. However, that loss compensating method requires precise voltage–energy characteristics of the supercapacitor (SC) to estimate the correct loss. Hence, nonlinearity of the capacitance of the SC becomes a problem because it causes an error in the estimated loss. Therefore, this paper presents a method to measure the voltage–energy characteristics precisely of the SC that has a voltage dependence on the capacitance. A method to implement those characteristics into controllers is also proposed. The loss compensating method is applied to a controller by using the proposed method, and its effectiveness is verified by a small-scale experimental system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S108-S115
JournalIEEJ Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes



  • disturbance observer
  • energy management
  • hybrid vehicle
  • loss compensation
  • power smoothing
  • supercapacitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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