For a small-sized biomimetic robot, it is challenging to mimic animal-like motion with high speed and high flexibility. To enable high flexibility, high stability, and high biomimicry degree for the robotic rat, we drew inspirations from three agile rat movements, namely, the pitch, yaw, and U-turn movements. First, we proposed key movement joints (KMJs) to capture a decent representation of the rat with a reduced-order model. By extracting the primary KMJs, we determined the number and distribution of robotic joints for the design of a bioinspired spine mechanism. Second, to meet the demand of high biomimicry degree, we generated an optimal compensation term to minimize the trajectory error introduced by simplifying the model. Moreover, we calculated the optimal minimum motion cycle based on the constraints of equilibrium under extreme conditions to ensure high flexibility without compromising the stability. Finally, the proposed method was successfully verified through simulation and experimental tests with a robotic rat endowed with the bioinspired spine mechanism.
- biologically inspired robots
- key movement joints (KMJs)
- motion control
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering