Implications of mylonitic microstructures for the geotectonic evolution of the Median Tectonic Line, central Japan

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Abstract

The Median Tectonic Line (MTL), the most prominent onshore fault in Japan, demarcates the Cretaceous Hiji quartz dioritic gneiss of the Ryoke belt on the west from the high P/T type Sambagawa metamorphic rocks on the east in the Takato area. Toward the MTL, the Hiji gneiss grades into strongly mylonitized rocks characterized by grain-size reduction of quartz. In the mylonitic rocks, the development of fluxion banding (Sm) is remarkably influenced by the existence of K-feldspar, forming a myrmekitic intergrowth. Brittle microstructures indicative of truly cataclastic deformation are observed only in mylonitic rocks close to the MTL. Early deep-level ductile deformation apparently gave way to shallower, brittle deformation at a later stage. The attitude of stretching lineations (Lm) and asymmetric microstructures observed in the mylonites suggest that sinistral strike-slip shearing with a subordinate component of vertical-slip took place during mylonitization in mid-Cretaceous time. The mylonitic rocks and their protolith, supposed to have constituted the eastern limb of the shear zone, were probably eroded out and lost by upheaval of the Sambagawa belt relative to the Ryoke belt.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-14
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Structural Geology
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

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