Implications of mylonitic microstructures for the geotectonic evolution of the Median Tectonic Line, central Japan

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    Abstract

    The Median Tectonic Line (MTL), the most prominent onshore fault in Japan, demarcates the Cretaceous Hiji quartz dioritic gneiss of the Ryoke belt on the west from the high P/T type Sambagawa metamorphic rocks on the east in the Takato area. Toward the MTL, the Hiji gneiss grades into strongly mylonitized rocks characterized by grain-size reduction of quartz. In the mylonitic rocks, the development of fluxion banding (Sm) is remarkably influenced by the existence of K-feldspar, forming a myrmekitic intergrowth. Brittle microstructures indicative of truly cataclastic deformation are observed only in mylonitic rocks close to the MTL. Early deep-level ductile deformation apparently gave way to shallower, brittle deformation at a later stage. The attitude of stretching lineations (Lm) and asymmetric microstructures observed in the mylonites suggest that sinistral strike-slip shearing with a subordinate component of vertical-slip took place during mylonitization in mid-Cretaceous time. The mylonitic rocks and their protolith, supposed to have constituted the eastern limb of the shear zone, were probably eroded out and lost by upheaval of the Sambagawa belt relative to the Ryoke belt.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3-14
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of Structural Geology
    Volume8
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1986

    Fingerprint

    microstructure
    tectonics
    rock
    gneiss
    quartz
    Cretaceous
    mylonitization
    brittle deformation
    ductile deformation
    lineation
    protolith
    metamorphic rock
    shear zone
    limb
    feldspar
    grain size

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geology

    Cite this

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    title = "Implications of mylonitic microstructures for the geotectonic evolution of the Median Tectonic Line, central Japan",
    abstract = "The Median Tectonic Line (MTL), the most prominent onshore fault in Japan, demarcates the Cretaceous Hiji quartz dioritic gneiss of the Ryoke belt on the west from the high P/T type Sambagawa metamorphic rocks on the east in the Takato area. Toward the MTL, the Hiji gneiss grades into strongly mylonitized rocks characterized by grain-size reduction of quartz. In the mylonitic rocks, the development of fluxion banding (Sm) is remarkably influenced by the existence of K-feldspar, forming a myrmekitic intergrowth. Brittle microstructures indicative of truly cataclastic deformation are observed only in mylonitic rocks close to the MTL. Early deep-level ductile deformation apparently gave way to shallower, brittle deformation at a later stage. The attitude of stretching lineations (Lm) and asymmetric microstructures observed in the mylonites suggest that sinistral strike-slip shearing with a subordinate component of vertical-slip took place during mylonitization in mid-Cretaceous time. The mylonitic rocks and their protolith, supposed to have constituted the eastern limb of the shear zone, were probably eroded out and lost by upheaval of the Sambagawa belt relative to the Ryoke belt.",
    author = "Hideo Takagi",
    year = "1986",
    doi = "10.1016/0191-8141(86)90013-1",
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    T1 - Implications of mylonitic microstructures for the geotectonic evolution of the Median Tectonic Line, central Japan

    AU - Takagi, Hideo

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    N2 - The Median Tectonic Line (MTL), the most prominent onshore fault in Japan, demarcates the Cretaceous Hiji quartz dioritic gneiss of the Ryoke belt on the west from the high P/T type Sambagawa metamorphic rocks on the east in the Takato area. Toward the MTL, the Hiji gneiss grades into strongly mylonitized rocks characterized by grain-size reduction of quartz. In the mylonitic rocks, the development of fluxion banding (Sm) is remarkably influenced by the existence of K-feldspar, forming a myrmekitic intergrowth. Brittle microstructures indicative of truly cataclastic deformation are observed only in mylonitic rocks close to the MTL. Early deep-level ductile deformation apparently gave way to shallower, brittle deformation at a later stage. The attitude of stretching lineations (Lm) and asymmetric microstructures observed in the mylonites suggest that sinistral strike-slip shearing with a subordinate component of vertical-slip took place during mylonitization in mid-Cretaceous time. The mylonitic rocks and their protolith, supposed to have constituted the eastern limb of the shear zone, were probably eroded out and lost by upheaval of the Sambagawa belt relative to the Ryoke belt.

    AB - The Median Tectonic Line (MTL), the most prominent onshore fault in Japan, demarcates the Cretaceous Hiji quartz dioritic gneiss of the Ryoke belt on the west from the high P/T type Sambagawa metamorphic rocks on the east in the Takato area. Toward the MTL, the Hiji gneiss grades into strongly mylonitized rocks characterized by grain-size reduction of quartz. In the mylonitic rocks, the development of fluxion banding (Sm) is remarkably influenced by the existence of K-feldspar, forming a myrmekitic intergrowth. Brittle microstructures indicative of truly cataclastic deformation are observed only in mylonitic rocks close to the MTL. Early deep-level ductile deformation apparently gave way to shallower, brittle deformation at a later stage. The attitude of stretching lineations (Lm) and asymmetric microstructures observed in the mylonites suggest that sinistral strike-slip shearing with a subordinate component of vertical-slip took place during mylonitization in mid-Cretaceous time. The mylonitic rocks and their protolith, supposed to have constituted the eastern limb of the shear zone, were probably eroded out and lost by upheaval of the Sambagawa belt relative to the Ryoke belt.

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