Improved core design of a high breeding fast reactor cooled by supercritical pressure light water

Takayuki Someya, Akifumi Yamaji, Sukarman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The authors look for an attractive light water reactor (LWR) concept, which achieves high breeding performance with respect to the compound system doubling time (CSDT). In the preceding study, a high breeding fast reactor concept, cooled by supercritical pressure light water (Super FBR), was developed using tightly packed fuel assembly (TPFA) concept, in which fuel rods were arranged in a hexagonal lattice and packed by contacting each other. However, the designed concept had characteristics, which had to be improved, such as low power density (7.4 kW/m), large core pressure loss (1.02 MPa), low discharge burnup (core average: 8 GWd/t), and low coolant temperature rise in the core (38 C). The aim of this study is to clarify the main issues associated with improvement of the Super FBR with respect to these design parameters and to show the improved design. The core design is carried out by fully coupled three-dimensional neutronics and single-channel thermal-hydraulic core calculations. The design criteria are negative void reactivity, maximum linear heat generation rate (MLHGR) of 39 kW/m, and maximum cladding surface temperature (MCST) of 650 C for advanced stainless steel. The results show that significant improvement is possible with respect to the core thermal-hydraulic characteristics with minimal deterioration of CSDT by replacing TPFA with the commonly acknowledged hexagonal tight lattice fuel assembly (TLFA). Further design studies are necessary to improve the core enthalpy rise by reducing the radial power swing and power peaking.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number021002
    JournalJournal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science
    Volume4
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

    Keywords

    • Compound system doubling time (CSDT)
    • Fast breeder reactor (FBR)
    • Supercritical light water reactor
    • Tight lattice fuel assembly (TLFA)
    • Tightly packed fuel assembly (TPFA)

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
    • Radiation

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