Improved properties of carbon nanotube/polymer nanocomposites using a supercritical CO2 aided melt blending method

John Quigley, Chen Chen, Kevin Herrington, David Inglefield, Timothy Edward Long, Donald G. Baird

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Improvements in carbon nanotube (CNT) dispersion and subsequent mechanical properties of CNT/poly(phenylsulfone) (PPSF) composites were obtained by applying the supercritical CO2 (scCO2) aided melt blending technique that has been used in our laboratory for nanoclay/polymer composite preparation. The preparation process relied on rapid expansion of the CNTs followed by melt blending using a single-screw extruder. Scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) results revealed that the CNTs exposed to scCO2 have a more dispersed structure. Further optimization of the nanotube expansion process will be investigated in order to completely disentangle the nanotube bundles before the melt compounding step. Microscopy results showed improved CNT dispersion in the polymer matrix and more uniform networks formed with the use of scCO2, which indicated that CO2 expanded CNTs are easier to disperse into the polymer matrix during the blending procedure. The CNT/PPSF composites prepared with scCO2 aided melt blending and conventional melt blending showed similar tensile strength and elongation at break. The Young's modulus of the composite prepared by means of conventional direct melt blending failed to increase beyond the addition of 1 wt% CNT, but the scCO2 aided melt blending method provided continuous improvements in Young's modulus up to the addition of 7 wt% CNT. Due to their high cost, it is desirable to see these improvements at lower nanotube concentrations. Efforts at controlling orientation of the nanotubes, and future work on nanocomposites of polar polymers with polar functionalized nanotubes will seek to rectify this.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSAMPE Tech 2012 Conference and Exhibition
Subtitle of host publicationNavigating the Global Landscape for the New Composites
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes
EventSAMPE Tech 2012 Conference and Exhibition: Navigating the Global Landscape for the New Composites - North Charleston, SC, United States
Duration: 2012 Oct 222012 Oct 25

Other

OtherSAMPE Tech 2012 Conference and Exhibition: Navigating the Global Landscape for the New Composites
CountryUnited States
CityNorth Charleston, SC
Period12/10/2212/10/25

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Carbon nanotubes
Nanocomposites
Polymers
Nanotubes
Composite materials
Polymer matrix
Microscopic examination
Elastic moduli
Extruders
Elongation
Tensile strength
Scanning
Mechanical properties
Costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Quigley, J., Chen, C., Herrington, K., Inglefield, D., Long, T. E., & Baird, D. G. (2012). Improved properties of carbon nanotube/polymer nanocomposites using a supercritical CO2 aided melt blending method. In SAMPE Tech 2012 Conference and Exhibition: Navigating the Global Landscape for the New Composites

Improved properties of carbon nanotube/polymer nanocomposites using a supercritical CO2 aided melt blending method. / Quigley, John; Chen, Chen; Herrington, Kevin; Inglefield, David; Long, Timothy Edward; Baird, Donald G.

SAMPE Tech 2012 Conference and Exhibition: Navigating the Global Landscape for the New Composites. 2012.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Quigley, J, Chen, C, Herrington, K, Inglefield, D, Long, TE & Baird, DG 2012, Improved properties of carbon nanotube/polymer nanocomposites using a supercritical CO2 aided melt blending method. in SAMPE Tech 2012 Conference and Exhibition: Navigating the Global Landscape for the New Composites. SAMPE Tech 2012 Conference and Exhibition: Navigating the Global Landscape for the New Composites, North Charleston, SC, United States, 12/10/22.
Quigley J, Chen C, Herrington K, Inglefield D, Long TE, Baird DG. Improved properties of carbon nanotube/polymer nanocomposites using a supercritical CO2 aided melt blending method. In SAMPE Tech 2012 Conference and Exhibition: Navigating the Global Landscape for the New Composites. 2012
Quigley, John ; Chen, Chen ; Herrington, Kevin ; Inglefield, David ; Long, Timothy Edward ; Baird, Donald G. / Improved properties of carbon nanotube/polymer nanocomposites using a supercritical CO2 aided melt blending method. SAMPE Tech 2012 Conference and Exhibition: Navigating the Global Landscape for the New Composites. 2012.
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abstract = "Improvements in carbon nanotube (CNT) dispersion and subsequent mechanical properties of CNT/poly(phenylsulfone) (PPSF) composites were obtained by applying the supercritical CO2 (scCO2) aided melt blending technique that has been used in our laboratory for nanoclay/polymer composite preparation. The preparation process relied on rapid expansion of the CNTs followed by melt blending using a single-screw extruder. Scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) results revealed that the CNTs exposed to scCO2 have a more dispersed structure. Further optimization of the nanotube expansion process will be investigated in order to completely disentangle the nanotube bundles before the melt compounding step. Microscopy results showed improved CNT dispersion in the polymer matrix and more uniform networks formed with the use of scCO2, which indicated that CO2 expanded CNTs are easier to disperse into the polymer matrix during the blending procedure. The CNT/PPSF composites prepared with scCO2 aided melt blending and conventional melt blending showed similar tensile strength and elongation at break. The Young's modulus of the composite prepared by means of conventional direct melt blending failed to increase beyond the addition of 1 wt{\%} CNT, but the scCO2 aided melt blending method provided continuous improvements in Young's modulus up to the addition of 7 wt{\%} CNT. Due to their high cost, it is desirable to see these improvements at lower nanotube concentrations. Efforts at controlling orientation of the nanotubes, and future work on nanocomposites of polar polymers with polar functionalized nanotubes will seek to rectify this.",
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