We examined whether pegylated recombinant human megakaryocyte growth and development factor (PEG-rHuMGDF) is capable of improving thrombocytopenia and promoting thrombopoietic reconstitution following lethal irradiation and bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in mice. Immediately after receiving 10 Gy whole body irradiation (day 0), male C3H/HeN mice were inoculated with 106 bone marrow cells obtained from syngeneic mice. Circulating platelet counts decreased to below 4% of the normal counts with a nadir on day 10, and then returned to the normal level on day 28 in the control mice undergoing BMT. Subcutaneous consecutive treatment with PEG-rHuMGDF at doses from 10 to 300 μg/kg/day from day 1 for 13 days significantly improved the platelet nadir and promoted platelet recovery. The white blood cell counts and hemoglobin concentration following BMT were not influenced by the PEG-rHuMGDF. PEG-rHuMGDF-injection starting from day 5 did not improve the platelet nadir following BMT. Furthermore, administration with PEG-rHuMGDF on alternate days at 55.7 μg/kg/day for 7 days or at an interval of 3 days at 78 μg/kg/day for 4 days (twice a week for 2 weeks) had a significant efficacy, but these administration regimens had less efficacy than consecutive administration at 30 μg/kg/day for 13 days. The numbers of megakaryocytes and megakaryocyte progenitor cells decreased to 5 and 0.2% of normal level, respectively, in the control mice. Consecutive administration of PEG-rHuMGDF enhanced the recovery of the mean number of these cells compared to those in vehicle-treated mice, although such effects were not statistically significant except for the number of megakaryocyte progenitors on day 12. These results suggest that consecutive treatment with PEG-rHuMGDF beginning from the day after BMT may be effective in improving thrombocytopenia following BMT.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Bone Marrow Transplantation|
|Publication status||Published - 1996 Dec 1|
- Bone marrow transplantation
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