Changes in the state of charge of a high-area RuOx electrode in an operating RuOx|Nafion|IrOx supercapacitor were monitored in situ by time-resolved, transmission Ru K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). Linear and reversible variations in the intensity of the transmitted X-ray beam as a function of time were found by fixing the energy of the incident X-ray beam, Ei, at judiciously selected values within the Ru K-edge X-ray near edge structure (XANES), while the supercapacitor was charged and discharged at constant current. The sign of the slope of these temporal signals was found to vary, depending on the value of Ei. This behavior could be rationalized based on the spectral differences between the Ru K-edge XANES of RuOx in the fully oxidized and fully reduced states, recorded in situ from films of the material electrodeposited on a gold substrate in the fluorescence mode.
- Ruthenium dioxide
- X-ray absorption spectroscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering