In Situ X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Measurements of LaNi5 Electrodes in Alkaline Electrolytes

Donald A. Tryk, In Tae Bae, Yining Hu, Sunghyun Kim, Mark R. Antonio, Daniel Alberto Scherson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In situ Ni K-edge and La Lm-edge x-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) measurements of LaNi5 electrodes supported on hydrophobic carbon black-polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) layers were carried out in strongly alkaline electrolytes as a function of the state of charge. The Ni K-edge x-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) for the material in the discharged (and uncharged) and charged states were essentially identical to those reported earlier for crystalline LaNi5before and after exposure to gas-phase hydrogen, respectively. The Ni K-edge extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis of the most prominent shell yielded average Ni-Ni nearest neighbor distances of 2.52 ± 0.02 A for the charged compared to 2.47 ± 0.02 A for the discharged and uncharged electrodes. For the La Lm-edge XANES, the white line was found to be significantly more intense for the charged than for the uncharged LaNi5, an effect consistent with an increase in the density of empty d-like states just above the Fermi level on hydrogen injection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)824-828
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume142
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

X ray absorption
Electrolytes
X rays
Electrodes
Hydrogen
Soot
Polytetrafluoroethylene
Carbon black
Fermi level
Polytetrafluoroethylenes
Gases
Crystalline materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

In Situ X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Measurements of LaNi5 Electrodes in Alkaline Electrolytes. / Tryk, Donald A.; Bae, In Tae; Hu, Yining; Kim, Sunghyun; Antonio, Mark R.; Scherson, Daniel Alberto.

In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 142, No. 3, 01.01.1995, p. 824-828.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tryk, Donald A. ; Bae, In Tae ; Hu, Yining ; Kim, Sunghyun ; Antonio, Mark R. ; Scherson, Daniel Alberto. / In Situ X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Measurements of LaNi5 Electrodes in Alkaline Electrolytes. In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 1995 ; Vol. 142, No. 3. pp. 824-828.
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