In vitro detection of beta amyloid exploiting surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) using a nanofluidic biosensor

Melodie E. Benford, I. Hsien Chou, Hope T. Beier, Miao Wang, Jun Kameoka, Theresa A. Good, Gerard L. Coté

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD), a neurodegenerative disease and the most common cause of dementia, affects 4.5 million people according to the 2000 US census and is expected to triple to 13.2 million by the year 2050. Since no definitive pre-mortem tests exist to distinguish AD from mild cognitive impairment due to the natural aging process, we focus on detecting the beta amyloid (Aβ) protein, the primary component of the senile plaques characteristic of AD. We specifically detect cytotoxic species of Aβ by exploiting surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). Using a nanofluidic device with a bottleneck shape (a microchannel leading into a nanochannel); we trapped gold colloid particles (60 nm) at the entrance to the nanochannel, with Aβ restricted within the interstices between the aggregated nanoparticles. The continuous flow generated from pumping the solution into the device produced size-dependent trapping of the gold colloid particles, resulting in a high density of aggregated nanoparticles at this precise region, creating localized "hot spots" in the interstitial region between nanoparticles, and shifting the plasmon resonance to the near infrared region, in resonance with incident laser wavelength. With this robust sensing platform, we were able to obtain concentration-dependent SERS spectra of Aβ and of different proteins that would be present in the cerebrospinal fluid of healthy people and people with Alzheimer's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPlasmonics in Biology and Medicine V
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
EventPlasmonics in Biology and Medicine V - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: 2008 Jan 212008 Jan 22

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume6869
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Conference

ConferencePlasmonics in Biology and Medicine V
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Jose, CA
Period08/1/2108/1/22

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Beta amyloid
  • Colloidal gold
  • Nanochannel
  • Nanofluidic device
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • SERS
  • Surface enhanced

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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