Selective cell tagging (SeCT) therapy is a strategy for labeling a targeted cell with certain chemical moietiesviaa catalytic chemical transformation in order to elicit a therapeutic effect. Herein, we report a cancer therapy based on targeted cell surface tagging with proapoptotic peptides (Ac-GGKLFG-X; X = reactive group) that induce apoptosis when attached to the cell surface. Using either Au-catalyzed amidation or Ru-catalyzed alkylation, these proapoptotic peptides showed excellent therapeutic effects bothin vitroandin vivo. In particular, co-treatment with proapoptotic peptide and the carrier-Ru complex significantly and synergistically inhibited tumor growth and prolonged survival rate of tumor-bearing mice after only a single injection. This is the first report of Ru catalyst applicationin vivo, and this approach could be used in SeCT for cancer therapy.
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