Increased drought events in southwest China revealed by tree ring oxygen isotopes and potential role of Indian Ocean Dipole

Chenxi Xu, Wenling An, S. Y.Simon Wang, Liang Yi, Junyi Ge, Takeshi Nakatsuka, Masaki Sano, Zhengtang Guo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The highlands in southwestern China experience pronounced fluctuations in the hydroclimate with profound impacts on agriculture and economics. To investigate the drought history of this region beyond instrumental records, a tree ring cellulose oxygen isotope (δ18Oc) chronology was developed for the period 1733–2013 using samples collected from six Larix trees in the low-latitude highlands (LLH) of southwestern China. The analysis revealed that δ18Oc is significantly correlated with the rainy season (May–October) precipitation and relative humidity, as well as drought severity. The δ18Oc chronology accounts for 46% of the observed variance in the rainy season precipitation and it was subsequently used to reconstruct precipitation. The reconstructed precipitation reveals an apparent drying trend since 1840, accompanied by increasingly frequent drought events since 1970. Interdecadal variability is also present, characterized with two distinct wet periods in 1740–1760 and 1800–1900 and two drier periods in 1760–1800 and 1900–2013. On the interannual timescale, the LLH precipitation was modulated collectively by the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Indian Ocean dipole (IOD). There appears to be an enhanced precipitation-IOD relationship since 1970 in response to the increase in positive-IOD events, implying an increasing likelihood of drought for the southwest China LLH.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)645-653
    Number of pages9
    JournalScience of the Total Environment
    Volume661
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 15

    Fingerprint

    Oxygen Isotopes
    Drought
    tree ring
    Isotopes
    oxygen isotope
    drought
    Oxygen
    chronology
    Precipitation (meteorology)
    Cellulose
    Agriculture
    cellulose
    relative humidity
    Atmospheric humidity
    Drying
    History
    oscillation
    timescale
    agriculture
    Economics

    Keywords

    • Indian Ocean Dipole
    • Precipitation
    • Southwest China
    • Tree ring oxygen isotope

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Environmental Engineering
    • Environmental Chemistry
    • Waste Management and Disposal
    • Pollution

    Cite this

    Increased drought events in southwest China revealed by tree ring oxygen isotopes and potential role of Indian Ocean Dipole. / Xu, Chenxi; An, Wenling; Wang, S. Y.Simon; Yi, Liang; Ge, Junyi; Nakatsuka, Takeshi; Sano, Masaki; Guo, Zhengtang.

    In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 661, 15.04.2019, p. 645-653.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Xu, Chenxi ; An, Wenling ; Wang, S. Y.Simon ; Yi, Liang ; Ge, Junyi ; Nakatsuka, Takeshi ; Sano, Masaki ; Guo, Zhengtang. / Increased drought events in southwest China revealed by tree ring oxygen isotopes and potential role of Indian Ocean Dipole. In: Science of the Total Environment. 2019 ; Vol. 661. pp. 645-653.
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    abstract = "The highlands in southwestern China experience pronounced fluctuations in the hydroclimate with profound impacts on agriculture and economics. To investigate the drought history of this region beyond instrumental records, a tree ring cellulose oxygen isotope (δ18Oc) chronology was developed for the period 1733–2013 using samples collected from six Larix trees in the low-latitude highlands (LLH) of southwestern China. The analysis revealed that δ18Oc is significantly correlated with the rainy season (May–October) precipitation and relative humidity, as well as drought severity. The δ18Oc chronology accounts for 46{\%} of the observed variance in the rainy season precipitation and it was subsequently used to reconstruct precipitation. The reconstructed precipitation reveals an apparent drying trend since 1840, accompanied by increasingly frequent drought events since 1970. Interdecadal variability is also present, characterized with two distinct wet periods in 1740–1760 and 1800–1900 and two drier periods in 1760–1800 and 1900–2013. On the interannual timescale, the LLH precipitation was modulated collectively by the El Ni{\~n}o–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Indian Ocean dipole (IOD). There appears to be an enhanced precipitation-IOD relationship since 1970 in response to the increase in positive-IOD events, implying an increasing likelihood of drought for the southwest China LLH.",
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