Induction of a group 2 σ factor, RPOD3, by high light and the underlying mechanism in Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942

Asako Seki, Mitsumasa Hanaoka, Yuki Akimoto, Susumu Masuda, Hideo Iwasaki, Kan Tanaka

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    34 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Among the σ70 family bacterial σ factors, group 2 σ factors have similar promoter recognition specificity to group 1 (principal) σ factors and express and function under specific environmental and physiological conditions. In general, the cyanobacterial genome encodes more than four group 2 σ factors, and the unicellular Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 (Synechococcus) has five group 2 σ factors (RpoD2-6). In this study, we analyzed expression of group 2 σ factors of Synechococcus at both mRNA and protein levels, and we showed that the rpoD3 expression was activated only by high light (1,500 μmol photons m -2 s-1) among the various stress conditions examined. After high light shift, rpoD3 mRNA accumulated transiently within the first 5 min and diminished subsequently, whereas RpoD3 protein increased gradually during the first several hours. We also found that the rpoD3 deletion mutant rapidly lost viability under the same conditions. Analysis of the rpoD3 promoter structure revealed the presence of an HLR1 (high light-responsive element 1) sequence, which was suggested to be responsible for the high light-induced transcription under the control of the NblS (histidine kinase)-RpaB (response regulator) two-component system (Kappell, A. D., and van Waasbergen, L. G. (2007) Arch. Microbiol. 187, 337-342), at +6 to +23 with respect to the transcriptional start site. Here we demonstrated that recombinant RpaB protein specifically bound to HLR1 of the rpoD3 and hliA genes in vitro, and overexpression of a truncated RpaB variant harboring only the phosphoreceiver domain derepressed the transcription in vivo. Thus, we have concluded that phosphorylated RpaB are repressing the rpoD3 and hliA transcription under normal growth conditions, and the RpaB dephosphorylation induced by high light stress results in transcriptional derepression.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)36887-36894
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Volume282
    Issue number51
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007 Dec 21

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    Synechococcus
    Light
    Transcription
    Genes
    Messenger RNA
    Arches
    Photons
    Recombinant Proteins
    Histidine
    Proteins
    Phosphotransferases
    Genome
    Growth

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry

    Cite this

    Induction of a group 2 σ factor, RPOD3, by high light and the underlying mechanism in Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942. / Seki, Asako; Hanaoka, Mitsumasa; Akimoto, Yuki; Masuda, Susumu; Iwasaki, Hideo; Tanaka, Kan.

    In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 282, No. 51, 21.12.2007, p. 36887-36894.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Seki, Asako ; Hanaoka, Mitsumasa ; Akimoto, Yuki ; Masuda, Susumu ; Iwasaki, Hideo ; Tanaka, Kan. / Induction of a group 2 σ factor, RPOD3, by high light and the underlying mechanism in Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2007 ; Vol. 282, No. 51. pp. 36887-36894.
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    AU - Masuda, Susumu

    AU - Iwasaki, Hideo

    AU - Tanaka, Kan

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