Induction of drug-metabolizing enzymes by phenobarbital in layered co-culture of a human liver cell line and endothelial cells

Maki Ohno, Kiyoto Motojima, Teruo Okano, Akiyoshi Taniguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Primary human hepatocytes are extensively used to study the potential of drugs to induce cytochrome P450 (CYP). However, the activities of these enzymes decrease rapidly during culture. Previously we reported that in a layered co-culture system with HepG2 and bovine endothelial cells, the expression levels of various CYP genes were significantly increased compared with the monolayer cultured HepG2 cells. Here, we examined the induction of CYP gene expression by an inducer by examining the effect of phenobarbital treatment on CYP gene expression in the co-culture system. In the layered co-cultured HepG2, expression of the CYP2C and CYP3A family genes was induced by phenobarbital treatment. We also detected CYP3A4 enzyme induction using this co-culture system. Moreover, the induction of hepatic drug transporters by phenobarbital was detected. These results suggest that functional regulation of the CYP and transporter gene pathway is retained in these layered co-cultured cells. Thus, this system may serve as a useful model for in vitro pharmacological studies on the coordinated regulation of transport and metabolism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)813-817
Number of pages5
JournalBiological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 May
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Phenobarbital
Coculture Techniques
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Endothelial Cells
Cell Line
Liver
Enzymes
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Cultured Cells
Genes
Gene Expression
Enzyme Induction
Hep G2 Cells
Hepatocytes
Pharmacology

Keywords

  • Co-culture
  • Cytochrome p450
  • Gene expression
  • Hepatocyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Induction of drug-metabolizing enzymes by phenobarbital in layered co-culture of a human liver cell line and endothelial cells. / Ohno, Maki; Motojima, Kiyoto; Okano, Teruo; Taniguchi, Akiyoshi.

In: Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, Vol. 32, No. 5, 05.2009, p. 813-817.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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