Inevitability of nTP: Information - Energy carriers

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Adenine is naturally selected as the main energy carrier from among two types of purines. C. Duve mentions that the inevitability of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is still a mystery. We examined the databases of DNA, RNA, and codon in order to clarify whether guanosine triphosphate (GTP) is mainly used for information storage in nucleic acids, because the adenine-uracil pair with a weaker connection would be dropped out relatively among the information carrier candidates due to natural selection. This paper presents a simple hypothesis that the relatively lower rates of adenine (A) and uracil (U) than the rates of guanine (G) and cytosine (C) observed in the RNAs for a lot of species cause redundant monomers of ATP and uridine triphosphate (UTP) outside nucleic acids, which become energy carriers. ATP runoff from RNA resembles the joker (or remaining unmatched queen) in the card game of Old Maid. The other redundant monomers of UTP might become polysaccharide generators. Actual frequencies of G and C in the RNAs of hyper-thermophiles are more than double those of A and U. A-U pairs are also fewer in number than G-C pairs in microorganisms such as yeast.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)81-83
    Number of pages3
    JournalArtificial Life and Robotics
    Volume13
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

    Fingerprint

    Adenine
    RNA
    Uridine Triphosphate
    Uracil
    Nucleic Acid Databases
    Nucleic Acids
    Nucleic acids
    Adenosine Triphosphate
    Purines
    Monomers
    Genetic Selection
    Information Storage and Retrieval
    Cytosine
    Guanine
    Guanosine Triphosphate
    Codon
    Polysaccharides
    Yeasts
    Runoff
    Microorganisms

    Keywords

    • ATP
    • Energy carrier
    • GC
    • Inevitability
    • Ontobiology

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Artificial Intelligence
    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

    Cite this

    Inevitability of nTP : Information - Energy carriers. / Naitoh, Ken.

    In: Artificial Life and Robotics, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2008, p. 81-83.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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