Inevitability of nTP: Information-energy carriers

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The reason why bio-energy carrier is mainly ATP is clarified by examining the frequencies of Guanine (G) and Cytosine (C) in nucleic acids. Living being uses only the five types of nTPs (ATP, GTP, TTP, CTP, and UTP) for constructing nucleic acids, although only ATP is employed as main carrier of energy. Nucleic acids such as tRNA and rRNA in living being use Guanine with relatively higher densities in comparison with Adenine (A). Thus, mass conservation law teaches us that Adenine is relatively redundant in comparison with Guanine. This leads to the natural consequence that the redundant Adenine becomes energy source as ATP. Next, we will focus on the fact that UTP, GTP, and CTP are also used for generating polysaccharide, protein, and lipid, respectively. We will try to clarify the inevitability of five types of nTPs.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics, AROB 13th'08
    Pages581-584
    Number of pages4
    Publication statusPublished - 2008
    Event13th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics, AROB 13th'08 - Oita
    Duration: 2008 Jan 312008 Feb 2

    Other

    Other13th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics, AROB 13th'08
    CityOita
    Period08/1/3108/2/2

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    Keywords

    • Energy carrier
    • Inevitability
    • nTP
    • Physics

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Artificial Intelligence
    • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
    • Human-Computer Interaction

    Cite this

    Naitoh, K. (2008). Inevitability of nTP: Information-energy carriers. In Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics, AROB 13th'08 (pp. 581-584)