Inevitability of nTP: Information-energy carriers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reason why bio-energy carrier is mainly ATP is clarified by examining the frequencies of Guanine (G) and Cytosine (C) in nucleic acids. Living being uses only the five types of nTPs (ATP, GTP, TTP, CTP, and UTP) for constructing nucleic acids, although only ATP is employed as main carrier of energy. Nucleic acids such as tRNA and rRNA in living being use Guanine with relatively higher densities in comparison with Adenine (A). Thus, mass conservation law teaches us that Adenine is relatively redundant in comparison with Guanine. This leads to the natural consequence that the redundant Adenine becomes energy source as ATP. Next, we will focus on the fact that UTP, GTP, and CTP are also used for generating polysaccharide, protein, and lipid, respectively. We will try to clarify the inevitability of five types of nTPs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics, AROB 13th'08
Pages581-584
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 1
Event13th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics, AROB 13th'08 - Oita, Japan
Duration: 2008 Jan 312008 Feb 2

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics, AROB 13th'08

Conference

Conference13th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics, AROB 13th'08
CountryJapan
CityOita
Period08/1/3108/2/2

Keywords

  • Energy carrier
  • Inevitability
  • Physics
  • nTP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Human-Computer Interaction

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  • Cite this

    Naitoh, K. (2008). Inevitability of nTP: Information-energy carriers. In Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics, AROB 13th'08 (pp. 581-584). (Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics, AROB 13th'08).