Influence of aerobic exercise training on post-exercise responses of aortic pulse pressure and augmentation pressure in postmenopausal women

Nobuhiko Akazawa, Song Gyu Ra, Jun Sugawara, Seiji Maeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Central arterial blood pressure (BP) is more predictive of future cardiovascular events than is brachial BP because it reflects the BP load imposed on the left ventricle with greater accuracy. However, little is known about the effects of exercise training on central hemodynamic response to acute exercise. The purpose of the present study was to determine the influence of an aerobic exercise regimen on the response of aortic BP after a single aerobic exercise in postmenopausal women. Nine healthy postmenopausal women (age: 61 ± 2 years) participated in a 12-week aerobic exercise training regimen. Before and after the training, each subjects performed a single bout of cycling at ventilatory thresholds for 30 min. We evaluated the post-exercise aortic BP response, which was estimated via the general transfer function from applanation tonometry. After the initial pre-training aerobic exercise session, aortic BP did not change significantly: however, aortic pulse pressure and augmentation pressure were significantly attenuated after the single aerobic exercise session following the 12-week training regimen. The present study demonstrated that a regular aerobic exercise training regimen induced the post-exercise reduction of aortic pulse pressure and augmentation pressure. Regular aerobic exercise training may enhance post-exercise reduction in aortic BP.

Original languageEnglish
Article number268
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Volume6
Issue numberOCT
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aerobic exercise
  • Aerobic training
  • Aortic blood pressure
  • Augmentation pressure
  • Postmenopausal women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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