Influence of amount time watching television on obesity and associated factors among preschool children in Taiwan

A cross-sectional study

Feng Chu Chang, Ching Hsiang Chen, Yuan Kung Haung, Hung Shih Chou, Akira Maehashi, Chien Chang Liao

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Objectives: Sedentary behavior may be a risk factor for obesity. This study evaluated the association between the amount of time watching television and obesity among preschool children in Taiwan. Methods: We used systematic random sampling and questionnaires to survey preschool children 2-6 years of age among 54 preschools in Taiwan. The information elicited by the questionnaires included socioeconomic characteristics, height, weight, and lifestyle. We used multivariate logistic regressions to calculate the adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of obesity associated with the amount of time television was watched. Results: The prevalence of obesity was 12.6% and the average of amount of time television was watched was 92.7 min among 3,492 children. Obesity and age of preschool children, parents' level of education, pre-dinner snacking, duration of sleep, watching television during breakfast, amount of play time, and amount of time spent on outdoor physical activities were factors associated with excessive television viewing amongst preschool children. Compared with children who watched television for ≤ 60 min, children who watched television > 120 min were at a higher risk for obesity (OR=1.90; 95% CI=1.28-2.82). Moreover, when preschool children increased the amount of time television was watched by 30 min, the risk of obesity was increased (OR=1.10; 95% 0=1.06-1.15). Conclusions: The amount of time television was watched was associated with obesity among preschool children 2-6 years of age in Taiwan.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)54-63
    Number of pages10
    JournalTaiwan Journal of Public Health
    Volume36
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1

    Fingerprint

    Television
    Preschool Children
    Taiwan
    Obesity
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Odds Ratio
    Confidence Intervals
    Snacks
    Breakfast
    Meals
    Life Style
    Sleep
    Parents
    Logistic Models
    Exercise
    Education
    Weights and Measures

    Keywords

    • Obesity
    • Preschool children
    • Time of television viewing

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

    Cite this

    Influence of amount time watching television on obesity and associated factors among preschool children in Taiwan : A cross-sectional study. / Chang, Feng Chu; Chen, Ching Hsiang; Haung, Yuan Kung; Chou, Hung Shih; Maehashi, Akira; Liao, Chien Chang.

    In: Taiwan Journal of Public Health, Vol. 36, No. 1, 01.02.2017, p. 54-63.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Chang, Feng Chu ; Chen, Ching Hsiang ; Haung, Yuan Kung ; Chou, Hung Shih ; Maehashi, Akira ; Liao, Chien Chang. / Influence of amount time watching television on obesity and associated factors among preschool children in Taiwan : A cross-sectional study. In: Taiwan Journal of Public Health. 2017 ; Vol. 36, No. 1. pp. 54-63.
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    abstract = "Objectives: Sedentary behavior may be a risk factor for obesity. This study evaluated the association between the amount of time watching television and obesity among preschool children in Taiwan. Methods: We used systematic random sampling and questionnaires to survey preschool children 2-6 years of age among 54 preschools in Taiwan. The information elicited by the questionnaires included socioeconomic characteristics, height, weight, and lifestyle. We used multivariate logistic regressions to calculate the adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95{\%} confidence intervals (CIs) of obesity associated with the amount of time television was watched. Results: The prevalence of obesity was 12.6{\%} and the average of amount of time television was watched was 92.7 min among 3,492 children. Obesity and age of preschool children, parents' level of education, pre-dinner snacking, duration of sleep, watching television during breakfast, amount of play time, and amount of time spent on outdoor physical activities were factors associated with excessive television viewing amongst preschool children. Compared with children who watched television for ≤ 60 min, children who watched television > 120 min were at a higher risk for obesity (OR=1.90; 95{\%} CI=1.28-2.82). Moreover, when preschool children increased the amount of time television was watched by 30 min, the risk of obesity was increased (OR=1.10; 95{\%} 0=1.06-1.15). Conclusions: The amount of time television was watched was associated with obesity among preschool children 2-6 years of age in Taiwan.",
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