Influence of bentonite type and producing method on hydraulic conductivity of sand-bentonite mixture

Tomonori Sakita, Hideo Komine, Atsuo Yamada, Hailong Wang, Shigeru Goto

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Sand-bentonite mixtures with bentonite content of 10-30% had been planned to handle low-level radioactive waste in Japan, because of its low permeability. Hydraulic conductivity of sand-bentonite mixture depends on the bentonite type, bentonite content, initial water content, and other factors. Given this background, falling head permeability tests were conducted on sand-bentonite mixture by varying the compaction energy for specimen preparation, initial water content (10-20%), and bentonite content (15- 30%). For these tests, the hydraulic gradient of 25-500 was set. Consequently, the hydraulic conductivities were 10-8 - 10-13 m/s for all tested conditions. Correlation between the hydraulic conductivity and the effective montmorillonite dry density (montmorillonite mass divided by the sum of montmorillonite, air, water volume), which is often used to correlate the hydraulic conductivity of bentonite, was found. Correlation was also found between the hydraulic conductivity and a new index designated as the effective montmorillonite wet density (sum of montmorillonite and water mass / sum of montmorillonite, air, water volume). Effective montmorillonite wet density reveals differences in the specimen structural distribution through consideration of the initial water content.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10005
JournalE3S Web of Conferences
Volume205
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 18
Event2nd International Conference on Energy Geotechnics, ICEGT 2020 - La Jolla, United States
Duration: 2020 Sep 202020 Sep 23

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Energy(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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