Influence of contact with schizophrenia on implicit attitudes towards schizophrenia patients held by clinical residents

Ataru Omori, Amane Tateno, Takashi Ideno, Hidehiko Takahashi, Yoshitaka Kawashima, Kazuhisa Takemura, Yoshiro Okubo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Patients with schizophrenia and their families have suffered greatly from stigmatizing effects. Although many efforts have been made to eradicate both prejudice and stigma, they still prevail even among medical professionals, and little is known about how contact with schizophrenia patients affects their attitudes towards schizophrenia.Methods: We assessed the impact of the renaming of the Japanese term for schizophrenia on clinical residents and also evaluated the influence of contact with schizophrenia patients on attitudes toward schizophrenia by comparing the attitudes toward schizophrenia before and after a one-month clinical training period in psychiatry. Fifty-one clinical residents participated. Their attitudes toward schizophrenia were assessed twice, before and one month after clinical training in psychiatry using the Implicit Association Test (IAT) as well as Link's devaluation-discrimination scale.Results: The old term for schizophrenia, " Seishin-Bunretsu-Byo" , was more congruent with criminal than the new term for schizophrenia, " Togo-Shitcho-Sho" , before clinical training. However, quite opposite to our expectation, after clinical training the new term had become even more congruent with criminal than the old term. There was no significant correlation between Link's scale and IAT effect.Conclusions: Renaming the Japanese term for schizophrenia still reduced the negative images of schizophrenia among clinical residents. However, contact with schizophrenia patients unexpectedly changed clinical residents' attitudes towards schizophrenia negatively. Our results might contribute to an understanding of the formation of negative attitudes about schizophrenia and assist in developing appropriate clinical training in psychiatry that could reduce prejudice and stigma concerning schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number205
JournalBMC Psychiatry
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Nov 22

Fingerprint

Schizophrenia
Psychiatry
Togo

Keywords

  • Education
  • Implicit association test
  • Prejudice
  • Schizophrenia
  • Stigma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Influence of contact with schizophrenia on implicit attitudes towards schizophrenia patients held by clinical residents. / Omori, Ataru; Tateno, Amane; Ideno, Takashi; Takahashi, Hidehiko; Kawashima, Yoshitaka; Takemura, Kazuhisa; Okubo, Yoshiro.

In: BMC Psychiatry, Vol. 12, 205, 22.11.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Omori, Ataru ; Tateno, Amane ; Ideno, Takashi ; Takahashi, Hidehiko ; Kawashima, Yoshitaka ; Takemura, Kazuhisa ; Okubo, Yoshiro. / Influence of contact with schizophrenia on implicit attitudes towards schizophrenia patients held by clinical residents. In: BMC Psychiatry. 2012 ; Vol. 12.
@article{d767f1cd942c4c8c985adf35bfb6610d,
title = "Influence of contact with schizophrenia on implicit attitudes towards schizophrenia patients held by clinical residents",
abstract = "Background: Patients with schizophrenia and their families have suffered greatly from stigmatizing effects. Although many efforts have been made to eradicate both prejudice and stigma, they still prevail even among medical professionals, and little is known about how contact with schizophrenia patients affects their attitudes towards schizophrenia.Methods: We assessed the impact of the renaming of the Japanese term for schizophrenia on clinical residents and also evaluated the influence of contact with schizophrenia patients on attitudes toward schizophrenia by comparing the attitudes toward schizophrenia before and after a one-month clinical training period in psychiatry. Fifty-one clinical residents participated. Their attitudes toward schizophrenia were assessed twice, before and one month after clinical training in psychiatry using the Implicit Association Test (IAT) as well as Link's devaluation-discrimination scale.Results: The old term for schizophrenia, {"} Seishin-Bunretsu-Byo{"} , was more congruent with criminal than the new term for schizophrenia, {"} Togo-Shitcho-Sho{"} , before clinical training. However, quite opposite to our expectation, after clinical training the new term had become even more congruent with criminal than the old term. There was no significant correlation between Link's scale and IAT effect.Conclusions: Renaming the Japanese term for schizophrenia still reduced the negative images of schizophrenia among clinical residents. However, contact with schizophrenia patients unexpectedly changed clinical residents' attitudes towards schizophrenia negatively. Our results might contribute to an understanding of the formation of negative attitudes about schizophrenia and assist in developing appropriate clinical training in psychiatry that could reduce prejudice and stigma concerning schizophrenia.",
keywords = "Education, Implicit association test, Prejudice, Schizophrenia, Stigma",
author = "Ataru Omori and Amane Tateno and Takashi Ideno and Hidehiko Takahashi and Yoshitaka Kawashima and Kazuhisa Takemura and Yoshiro Okubo",
year = "2012",
month = "11",
day = "22",
doi = "10.1186/1471-244X-12-205",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
journal = "BMC Psychiatry",
issn = "1471-244X",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of contact with schizophrenia on implicit attitudes towards schizophrenia patients held by clinical residents

AU - Omori, Ataru

AU - Tateno, Amane

AU - Ideno, Takashi

AU - Takahashi, Hidehiko

AU - Kawashima, Yoshitaka

AU - Takemura, Kazuhisa

AU - Okubo, Yoshiro

PY - 2012/11/22

Y1 - 2012/11/22

N2 - Background: Patients with schizophrenia and their families have suffered greatly from stigmatizing effects. Although many efforts have been made to eradicate both prejudice and stigma, they still prevail even among medical professionals, and little is known about how contact with schizophrenia patients affects their attitudes towards schizophrenia.Methods: We assessed the impact of the renaming of the Japanese term for schizophrenia on clinical residents and also evaluated the influence of contact with schizophrenia patients on attitudes toward schizophrenia by comparing the attitudes toward schizophrenia before and after a one-month clinical training period in psychiatry. Fifty-one clinical residents participated. Their attitudes toward schizophrenia were assessed twice, before and one month after clinical training in psychiatry using the Implicit Association Test (IAT) as well as Link's devaluation-discrimination scale.Results: The old term for schizophrenia, " Seishin-Bunretsu-Byo" , was more congruent with criminal than the new term for schizophrenia, " Togo-Shitcho-Sho" , before clinical training. However, quite opposite to our expectation, after clinical training the new term had become even more congruent with criminal than the old term. There was no significant correlation between Link's scale and IAT effect.Conclusions: Renaming the Japanese term for schizophrenia still reduced the negative images of schizophrenia among clinical residents. However, contact with schizophrenia patients unexpectedly changed clinical residents' attitudes towards schizophrenia negatively. Our results might contribute to an understanding of the formation of negative attitudes about schizophrenia and assist in developing appropriate clinical training in psychiatry that could reduce prejudice and stigma concerning schizophrenia.

AB - Background: Patients with schizophrenia and their families have suffered greatly from stigmatizing effects. Although many efforts have been made to eradicate both prejudice and stigma, they still prevail even among medical professionals, and little is known about how contact with schizophrenia patients affects their attitudes towards schizophrenia.Methods: We assessed the impact of the renaming of the Japanese term for schizophrenia on clinical residents and also evaluated the influence of contact with schizophrenia patients on attitudes toward schizophrenia by comparing the attitudes toward schizophrenia before and after a one-month clinical training period in psychiatry. Fifty-one clinical residents participated. Their attitudes toward schizophrenia were assessed twice, before and one month after clinical training in psychiatry using the Implicit Association Test (IAT) as well as Link's devaluation-discrimination scale.Results: The old term for schizophrenia, " Seishin-Bunretsu-Byo" , was more congruent with criminal than the new term for schizophrenia, " Togo-Shitcho-Sho" , before clinical training. However, quite opposite to our expectation, after clinical training the new term had become even more congruent with criminal than the old term. There was no significant correlation between Link's scale and IAT effect.Conclusions: Renaming the Japanese term for schizophrenia still reduced the negative images of schizophrenia among clinical residents. However, contact with schizophrenia patients unexpectedly changed clinical residents' attitudes towards schizophrenia negatively. Our results might contribute to an understanding of the formation of negative attitudes about schizophrenia and assist in developing appropriate clinical training in psychiatry that could reduce prejudice and stigma concerning schizophrenia.

KW - Education

KW - Implicit association test

KW - Prejudice

KW - Schizophrenia

KW - Stigma

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84869881664&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84869881664&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/1471-244X-12-205

DO - 10.1186/1471-244X-12-205

M3 - Article

VL - 12

JO - BMC Psychiatry

JF - BMC Psychiatry

SN - 1471-244X

M1 - 205

ER -