Influence of highly curved DNA segments on in vivo topology of plasmids

Takashi Ohyama, Masaru Miyano, Sadatoshi Sakuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Recombinant plasmids carrying a highly curved DNA structure are sometimes unstable in Escherichia coli. In order to know the underlying mechanism, several plasmids carrying one or two highly bent DNA segment(s) from the human adenovirus type 2 (Ad2) enhancer and/or origin region of phage γ. replication were systematically constructed and propagated in E. coli. The highly bent DNA segments disturbed the action of DNA topoisomerases: i.e. they were shown to be able to produce an anomalously wide spectrum of linking number topoisomers that tails toward lower supercoiling with a little of the DNA actually positively supercoiled. Furthermore, bent DNA caused multimeric plasmid formation. The linking number topoisomers and multimers seemed to be intermediate topological states of the bent DNA-containing plasmids that would lead to the deletion occurring in them. The nucleotide sequence of a deletion product of a bent DNA-containing plasmid showed that the putative source of the severe topological constraint was entirely eliminated from the plasmid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-276
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Biology Reports
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Dec
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Plasmids
Topology
DNA
Escherichia coli
DNA Topoisomerases
Human Adenoviruses
Bacteriophages
Sequence Deletion
Nucleotides

Keywords

  • Bent DNA (curved DNA)
  • Deletion
  • Plasmid
  • Positive supercoil
  • Topoisomer
  • Topoisomerase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Influence of highly curved DNA segments on in vivo topology of plasmids. / Ohyama, Takashi; Miyano, Masaru; Sakuma, Sadatoshi.

In: Molecular Biology Reports, Vol. 26, No. 4, 12.1999, p. 269-276.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ohyama, Takashi ; Miyano, Masaru ; Sakuma, Sadatoshi. / Influence of highly curved DNA segments on in vivo topology of plasmids. In: Molecular Biology Reports. 1999 ; Vol. 26, No. 4. pp. 269-276.
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