Influence of H2 and CO of biomass gas fuel on ignition and combustion in HCCI Engine

Yudai Yamasaki*, Masanobu Kanno, Yasuhiro Taura, Shigehiko Kaneko

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aiming to understand applicable component of biomass gas to HCCI engines, combustion characteristics were investigated experimentally for mock biomass gas with varying fuel components. Mock biomass gases consisted of H2, CH4, CO, N2 and CO2, were used assuming wood pyrolysis gases. Using modified gas engine with air inlet heaters and high compression ratio pistons, experiments were carried out. Auto-ignition timing is temperature domain regardless of fuel component, ignition temperature is about 1 000 K as same as hydrocarbon fuels. Combustion speed following auto-ignition is influenced largely on H2 and CO2 content, it is clarified that combustion speed is proportional to H2 and CO 2 ratio of fuel. Meanwhile CO of fuels does not effect on combustion speed. H2 and CO2 ratio of fuel is also largely concerned with knock, and it is one of index of minimum IMEP that knock yield. About Exhaust emissions, THC and CO is higher level because of lower cyclic maximum temperature for inert component of fuel, in another hand, NOx is near zero regardless of fuel components and operation conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-141
Number of pages7
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Issue number761
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan
Externally publishedYes


  • Biomass energy
  • Combustion
  • Gaseous fuel
  • HCCI
  • Ignition
  • Internal combustion engine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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