Influence of magnetorotational instability on neutrino heating: A new mechanism for weakly magnetized core-collapse supernovae

Hidetomo Sawai, Shoichi Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)


We investigated the impact of magnetorotational instability (MRI) on the dynamics of weakly magnetized, rapidly rotating core-collapse supernovae by conducting high-resolution axisymmetric MHD simulations with simplified neutrino transfer. We found that an initially sub-magnetar-class magnetic field is drastically amplified by MRI and substantially affects the dynamics thereafter. Although the magnetic pressure is not strong enough to eject matter, the amplified magnetic field efficiently transfers angular momentum from small to large radii and from higher to lower latitudes, which causes the expansion of the heating region due to the extra centrifugal force. This then enhances the efficiency of neutrino heating and eventually leads to neutrino-driven explosion. This is a new scenario of core-collapse supernovae that has never been demonstrated by past numerical simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL10
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar 20



  • instabilities
  • magnetohydrodynamics (MHD)
  • methods: numerical
  • stars: magnetars
  • supernovae: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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