Influence of polyelectrolyte dispersants on the surface chemical properties of aluminum in aqueous suspension

Kai Cai, Machiko Ode, Hideyuki Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Colloidal processing is widely used for forming ceramics. However, its application to metal was rarely reported. To apply colloidal processing to form IrAl intermetallic compound, detailed knowledge about the surface properties of Al and its interaction with the solvent and dispersants is indispensable. In this study, the hydration process, the surface potential and particle dispersion of Al in aqueous suspension with and without dispersants were investigated. The effects of two polyelectrolyte dispersants, an anionic PAA- and a cationic PEI-H+, were studied. Time dependence of pH value indicated that both dispersants promoted the hydration of Al, while the slow hydration stopped in several hours due to the formation of the bayerite layer. Addition of the dispersants greatly increased the absolute zeta potential values, indicating strong interactions with the Al particle. Comparison of particle size suggested that PEI-H+ was better than PAA- for the dispersion of Al, although the latter could induce a much higher absolute zeta potential. FTIR spectroscopy indicated that the interaction in the Al-PAA- system was mainly between the -COO- group of PAA- with the Al surface groups, while hydrogen bonding was the main interaction in the Al-PEI-H+ system. The results also implied that not the electrostatic effect, but the steric effect was dominant for the dispersion of Al.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)458-463
Number of pages6
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume284-285
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Aug 15
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Polyetherimides
Polyelectrolytes
Aluminum
chemical properties
Hydration
Chemical properties
hydration
Suspensions
Zeta potential
aluminum
Surface potential
interactions
Processing
surface properties
Intermetallics
time dependence
Surface properties
intermetallics
Electrostatics
Hydrogen bonds

Keywords

  • Aluminum suspension
  • Dispersant
  • Surface chemical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Colloidal processing is widely used for forming ceramics. However, its application to metal was rarely reported. To apply colloidal processing to form IrAl intermetallic compound, detailed knowledge about the surface properties of Al and its interaction with the solvent and dispersants is indispensable. In this study, the hydration process, the surface potential and particle dispersion of Al in aqueous suspension with and without dispersants were investigated. The effects of two polyelectrolyte dispersants, an anionic PAA- and a cationic PEI-H+, were studied. Time dependence of pH value indicated that both dispersants promoted the hydration of Al, while the slow hydration stopped in several hours due to the formation of the bayerite layer. Addition of the dispersants greatly increased the absolute zeta potential values, indicating strong interactions with the Al particle. Comparison of particle size suggested that PEI-H+ was better than PAA- for the dispersion of Al, although the latter could induce a much higher absolute zeta potential. FTIR spectroscopy indicated that the interaction in the Al-PAA- system was mainly between the -COO- group of PAA- with the Al surface groups, while hydrogen bonding was the main interaction in the Al-PEI-H+ system. The results also implied that not the electrostatic effect, but the steric effect was dominant for the dispersion of Al.",
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AU - Ode, Machiko

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AB - Colloidal processing is widely used for forming ceramics. However, its application to metal was rarely reported. To apply colloidal processing to form IrAl intermetallic compound, detailed knowledge about the surface properties of Al and its interaction with the solvent and dispersants is indispensable. In this study, the hydration process, the surface potential and particle dispersion of Al in aqueous suspension with and without dispersants were investigated. The effects of two polyelectrolyte dispersants, an anionic PAA- and a cationic PEI-H+, were studied. Time dependence of pH value indicated that both dispersants promoted the hydration of Al, while the slow hydration stopped in several hours due to the formation of the bayerite layer. Addition of the dispersants greatly increased the absolute zeta potential values, indicating strong interactions with the Al particle. Comparison of particle size suggested that PEI-H+ was better than PAA- for the dispersion of Al, although the latter could induce a much higher absolute zeta potential. FTIR spectroscopy indicated that the interaction in the Al-PAA- system was mainly between the -COO- group of PAA- with the Al surface groups, while hydrogen bonding was the main interaction in the Al-PEI-H+ system. The results also implied that not the electrostatic effect, but the steric effect was dominant for the dispersion of Al.

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