Influence of sediment composition on breaching process of model river levee

Masato Sekine*, Taichi Matsuura, Moe Hirokawa, Toshiki Suga

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

In recent years, floods have been occurring in various places due to the effects of climate change, and one of the serious damages arises due to the breach of river levees. As in the case of western Japan heavy rains in July 2018, a levee breach can cause serious damage to house and people in the basin. Therefore, it is an urgent task to understand the mechanism of river levee breach for disaster prevention and mitigation. The authors have investigated experimentally the breach process of model levee composed of sand, clay and gravel. We also examined the effect of clay and gravel on the collapse mechanism of levee by conducting experiments with various content ratio of clay and gravel. In this study, we examined how the erosion process of levee in which clay and gravel were contained is different from that only made of sand, and the significance of the existence of clay and gravel in the levee is made clear.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event22nd Congress of the International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research-Asia Pacific Division: Creating Resilience to Water-Related Challenges, IAHR-APD 2020 - Sapporo, Virtual, Japan
Duration: 2020 Sep 142020 Sep 17

Conference

Conference22nd Congress of the International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research-Asia Pacific Division: Creating Resilience to Water-Related Challenges, IAHR-APD 2020
Country/TerritoryJapan
CitySapporo, Virtual
Period20/9/1420/9/17

Keywords

  • Clay
  • Cohesive sediment
  • Erosion
  • Overflow
  • River-levee break

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Environmental Engineering

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