Influence of Strength Level on Performance Enhancement Using Resistance Priming

Takuya Nishioka*, Junichi Okada

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nishioka, T and Okada, J. Influence of strength level on performance enhancement using resistance priming. J Strength Cond Res 36(1): 37–46, 2022—The current study aimed to investigate (a) whether resistance priming was effective in enhancing jump performance for both stronger and weaker individuals and (b) how resistance priming influences the lower-body force-velocity profile. A total of 20 resistance-trained men performed priming and control conditions 72–144 hours apart in a randomized and counterbalanced order. Jump performances (0 and 40% 1 repetition maximum [1RM] squat jump, 0 and 40% 1RM countermovement jump [CMJ] and drop jump) were assessed before and 24 hours after the priming session, and before and 24 hours after rest (control). Priming session-induced percentage change in 0% 1RM CMJ height was positively correlated with the individual’s relative half squat 1RM (r 5 0.612, p # 0.05). Using the median split method, subjects were divided into stronger (relative half squat 1RM 5 1.93–2.67 kg·kg21) and weaker (relative half squat 1RM 5 1.37–1.92 kg·kg21) groups and subsequently analyzed. The stronger group showed specific improvement in 0% 1RM CMJ performance 24 hours after the priming session (p # 0.05), whereas the weaker group showed no improvement in any of their jump performances. Moreover, the priming session enhanced the theoretical maximum velocity (p # 0.05), but not the theoretical maximum force during CMJ in the stronger group; whereas none of the force-velocity profile variables were enhanced in the weaker group. These results suggest that stronger individuals are more likely to experience performance enhancement using resistance priming, which may be movement- and velocity-specific.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-46
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of strength and conditioning research
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Ballistic performance
  • Delayed potentiation
  • Force
  • Jumping
  • Power
  • Velocity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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