Influence of temperature and heating time on bromination of zinc oxide during thermal treatment with tetrabromobisphenol A

Mariusz Grzegorz Grabda, Sylwia Oleszek-Kudlak, Etsuro Shibata, Takashi Nakamura

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Our prior research indicates that hydrogen bromide (HBr) evolved during thermal decomposition of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) can be utilized as a reagent for selective bromination and evaporation of zinc oxide. The present work investigated dependency of the bromination reaction on time at selected temperatures using a laboratory-scale furnace. The formed solid, condensed, and gaseous products were analyzed by X-ray diffraction analysis, electron probe microanalysis, inductively coupled plasma analysis, ion chromatography, and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. Results indicate that the bromination rate is strongly dependent on heating time. This dependency is a direct consequence of progress in the decomposition of TBBPA, which provides inorganic bromine suitable for the reaction. The bromination rate increases with time until the bromine source is depleted. The process is shorter at higher applied temperatures and appears instantaneous at 310°C and above. However, the maximum bromination yield is independent of the applied conditions and ranges from 64 to 70%. Additionally, the influence of oxidizing conditions on the bromination reaction and the effect of ZnO on decomposition of TBBPA were investigated in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8936-8941
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume43
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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