Influence of the intensity of squat exercises on the subsequent jump performance

Atsuki Fukutani, Seiichiro Takei, Kosuke Hirata, Naokazu Miyamoto, Hiroaki Kanehisa, Yasuo Kawakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Jump performance can be enhanced after performing squat exercises, and this is thought to be because of the phenomenon of postactivation potentiation (PAP). However, the influence of the intensity of squat exercises on jump performance enhancement and its association to PAP have not been elucidated. Thus, we examined the influence of the intensity of squat exercises on the subsequent jump performance and the magnitude of PAP. Eight weightlifters (age, 19.8 ± 1.3 years; height, 1.67 ± 0.07 m; body mass, 77.1 ± 14.8 kg) were recruited as subjects. The intensity of squat exercises was set in 2 conditions: heavy condition (HC) (45% 1 repetition maximum [1RM] × 5 repetitions [reps], 60% 1RM × 5 reps, 75% 1RM × 3 reps, and 90% 1RM × 3 reps) and moderate condition (MC) (45% 1RM × 5 reps, 60% 1RM × 5 reps, and 75% 1RM × 3 reps). Before and after the squat exercises, the subjects performed countermovement jumps 3 times. In addition, a twitch contraction was concurrently elicited before and after the squat exercises. In both conditions, twitch torque and jump height recorded after the squat exercises increased significantly compared with those recorded beforehand. The extents of increase in both twitch torque and jump height were significantly larger in HC than in MC. We conclude therefore that a high-intensity squat exercise is better than a moderate-intensity squat exercise as a warm-up modality for enhancing subsequent jump performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2236-2243
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Volume28
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Torque

Keywords

  • Electromyography
  • Postactivation potentiation
  • Twitch torque

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Influence of the intensity of squat exercises on the subsequent jump performance. / Fukutani, Atsuki; Takei, Seiichiro; Hirata, Kosuke; Miyamoto, Naokazu; Kanehisa, Hiroaki; Kawakami, Yasuo.

In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Vol. 28, No. 8, 2014, p. 2236-2243.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fukutani, Atsuki ; Takei, Seiichiro ; Hirata, Kosuke ; Miyamoto, Naokazu ; Kanehisa, Hiroaki ; Kawakami, Yasuo. / Influence of the intensity of squat exercises on the subsequent jump performance. In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2014 ; Vol. 28, No. 8. pp. 2236-2243.
@article{2f6d593179aa41269bdce772167f55db,
title = "Influence of the intensity of squat exercises on the subsequent jump performance",
abstract = "Jump performance can be enhanced after performing squat exercises, and this is thought to be because of the phenomenon of postactivation potentiation (PAP). However, the influence of the intensity of squat exercises on jump performance enhancement and its association to PAP have not been elucidated. Thus, we examined the influence of the intensity of squat exercises on the subsequent jump performance and the magnitude of PAP. Eight weightlifters (age, 19.8 ± 1.3 years; height, 1.67 ± 0.07 m; body mass, 77.1 ± 14.8 kg) were recruited as subjects. The intensity of squat exercises was set in 2 conditions: heavy condition (HC) (45{\%} 1 repetition maximum [1RM] × 5 repetitions [reps], 60{\%} 1RM × 5 reps, 75{\%} 1RM × 3 reps, and 90{\%} 1RM × 3 reps) and moderate condition (MC) (45{\%} 1RM × 5 reps, 60{\%} 1RM × 5 reps, and 75{\%} 1RM × 3 reps). Before and after the squat exercises, the subjects performed countermovement jumps 3 times. In addition, a twitch contraction was concurrently elicited before and after the squat exercises. In both conditions, twitch torque and jump height recorded after the squat exercises increased significantly compared with those recorded beforehand. The extents of increase in both twitch torque and jump height were significantly larger in HC than in MC. We conclude therefore that a high-intensity squat exercise is better than a moderate-intensity squat exercise as a warm-up modality for enhancing subsequent jump performance.",
keywords = "Electromyography, Postactivation potentiation, Twitch torque",
author = "Atsuki Fukutani and Seiichiro Takei and Kosuke Hirata and Naokazu Miyamoto and Hiroaki Kanehisa and Yasuo Kawakami",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1519/JSC.0000000000000409",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "2236--2243",
journal = "Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research",
issn = "1064-8011",
publisher = "NSCA National Strength and Conditioning Association",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of the intensity of squat exercises on the subsequent jump performance

AU - Fukutani, Atsuki

AU - Takei, Seiichiro

AU - Hirata, Kosuke

AU - Miyamoto, Naokazu

AU - Kanehisa, Hiroaki

AU - Kawakami, Yasuo

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Jump performance can be enhanced after performing squat exercises, and this is thought to be because of the phenomenon of postactivation potentiation (PAP). However, the influence of the intensity of squat exercises on jump performance enhancement and its association to PAP have not been elucidated. Thus, we examined the influence of the intensity of squat exercises on the subsequent jump performance and the magnitude of PAP. Eight weightlifters (age, 19.8 ± 1.3 years; height, 1.67 ± 0.07 m; body mass, 77.1 ± 14.8 kg) were recruited as subjects. The intensity of squat exercises was set in 2 conditions: heavy condition (HC) (45% 1 repetition maximum [1RM] × 5 repetitions [reps], 60% 1RM × 5 reps, 75% 1RM × 3 reps, and 90% 1RM × 3 reps) and moderate condition (MC) (45% 1RM × 5 reps, 60% 1RM × 5 reps, and 75% 1RM × 3 reps). Before and after the squat exercises, the subjects performed countermovement jumps 3 times. In addition, a twitch contraction was concurrently elicited before and after the squat exercises. In both conditions, twitch torque and jump height recorded after the squat exercises increased significantly compared with those recorded beforehand. The extents of increase in both twitch torque and jump height were significantly larger in HC than in MC. We conclude therefore that a high-intensity squat exercise is better than a moderate-intensity squat exercise as a warm-up modality for enhancing subsequent jump performance.

AB - Jump performance can be enhanced after performing squat exercises, and this is thought to be because of the phenomenon of postactivation potentiation (PAP). However, the influence of the intensity of squat exercises on jump performance enhancement and its association to PAP have not been elucidated. Thus, we examined the influence of the intensity of squat exercises on the subsequent jump performance and the magnitude of PAP. Eight weightlifters (age, 19.8 ± 1.3 years; height, 1.67 ± 0.07 m; body mass, 77.1 ± 14.8 kg) were recruited as subjects. The intensity of squat exercises was set in 2 conditions: heavy condition (HC) (45% 1 repetition maximum [1RM] × 5 repetitions [reps], 60% 1RM × 5 reps, 75% 1RM × 3 reps, and 90% 1RM × 3 reps) and moderate condition (MC) (45% 1RM × 5 reps, 60% 1RM × 5 reps, and 75% 1RM × 3 reps). Before and after the squat exercises, the subjects performed countermovement jumps 3 times. In addition, a twitch contraction was concurrently elicited before and after the squat exercises. In both conditions, twitch torque and jump height recorded after the squat exercises increased significantly compared with those recorded beforehand. The extents of increase in both twitch torque and jump height were significantly larger in HC than in MC. We conclude therefore that a high-intensity squat exercise is better than a moderate-intensity squat exercise as a warm-up modality for enhancing subsequent jump performance.

KW - Electromyography

KW - Postactivation potentiation

KW - Twitch torque

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84905826382&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84905826382&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000409

DO - 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000409

M3 - Article

C2 - 24513618

AN - SCOPUS:84905826382

VL - 28

SP - 2236

EP - 2243

JO - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

JF - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

SN - 1064-8011

IS - 8

ER -