Intact female rats given twice daily injections of 1 mg human placental lactogen (HPL) showed continued dioestrous vaginal smears and their ovarian corpora lutea were found to be hypertrophied and functional. The serum prolactin level was significantly lower in these rats than in the controls at dioestrus as well as at pro oestrus. Twice daily injections of 0.5 or 2 mg HPL to ovariectomized rats decreased serum and pituitary levels of prolactin and increased hypothalamic activity of prolactin inhibiting hormone, although the effect was less at the lower dose. Human placental lactogen had no direct effect on pituitary prolactin in vitro. These findings have demonstrated that HPL, like prolactin itself, inhibits prolactin secretion by acting indirectly on the pituitary through the hypothalamus.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Endocrinology|
|Publication status||Published - 1976|
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