Inside the black box of business incubation: Study B - Scale assessment, model refinement, and incubation outcomes

Sean M. Hackett, David M. Dilts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)


Due to a lack of valid and reliable scales, few studies have sought to describe and measure the business incubation process. After rigorously developing and pre-testing scales intended to measure the incubation process (Study A), we collected data from 53 incubators operating in the US in order to (a) systematically examine the incubation process, and (b) validate the scales. Accordingly, this study offers (1) new, validated scales for measuring the process of incubating new ventures, (2) empirically-based refinements to a theoretical model of the incubation process, and (3) data on business incubation outcomes that are very useful for incubator planning and benchmarking purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-471
Number of pages33
JournalJournal of Technology Transfer
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct
Externally publishedYes



  • Business incubation
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Scale development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Theory and Mathematics

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